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Analyse the reason for rising hunger in India and also discuss the steps taken by the Government of India to achieve the sustainable development goal of zero Hunger? Viewpoints: Define problems related to poverty and hunger in India. Secondly exp...

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Analyse the reason for rising hunger in India and also discuss the steps taken by the Government of India to achieve the sustainable development goal of zero Hunger?

Viewpoints:

  • Define problems related to poverty and hunger in India.

  • Secondly explain the Characteristics and cause of poverty and hunger. 

  • Also explain global and government initiatives against poverty and hunger.

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Ans: Poverty- poverty is a state of not having enough material possessions or income for a person’s basic needs. Poverty may include social, economic and political elements. Hunger is the state of not having food to eat, especially when this causes illness or death. Poverty and hunger are inextricably linked. Poverty causes hunger. Not every person living in poverty faces chronic hunger, but almost all people facing chronic hunger are also living in poverty.

As per the Asian Development Bank‘s figures:

  • In India, 21.9% of the population lived below the national poverty line in 2011.

  • In India, the proportion of the employed population below $1.90 purchasing power parity a day in 2011 is 21.2%.

  • For every 1,000 babies born in India in 2017, 39 die before their 5th birthday.

The characteristics of the poverty-ridden people are:

  • The major percentage of poor people reside in rural areas of India.

  • The family size is comparatively larger.

  • The main occupation is agriculture.

  • They lack resources to grow.

  • Low-Income group.

 

What causes poverty?

The following can be some reasons causing poverty in India.

  • Population Rise

  • Low Productivity in Agriculture

  • Under-Utilized Resources

  • Low Rate of Economic Development

  • Price Rise

  • Unemployment

  • Shortage of Capital and Able Entrepreneurship

 

Global Initiative Against Poverty and Hunger:

Food is at the core of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Goal 2 of SDG deals with Zero Hunger. Given below are some Global level initiatives to fight poverty and hunger.

  • The End to Poverty Initiative – This Centenary Initiative is designed specifically as the vehicle to take forward the ILO’s work in implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to alleviate poverty. 

  • Zero Hunger By World Food Programme – with humanitarian food assistance, provide nutritious food to those in urgent need. Meanwhile, the complementary programs address the root causes of hunger and build the resilience of communities. Aspirants can know in detail about the World Food Programme.

  • Fight Hunger First – With a vision to have a world without hunger and poverty, WHH has been implementing several initiatives in rural areas of India and Bangladesh. It was set up by a UN agency FAO.

  • Zero Hunger Challenge (Save Food) by FAO – The 2012 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, also known as Rio+20, launched the Zero Hunger Challenge which includes addressing the sustainability of all food systems and the vision of zero food loss and waste.

 

Initiatives by Government to Curb Poverty in India:

Ending poverty in all its forms is the first of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The government of India took several initiatives to eradicate poverty from the country. A few of them are discussed below:

  1. Saansad Aadarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) 

  2. National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) 

  3. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) 

  4. National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM) 

  5. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) 

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(@stasentoe)
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Где администрация?
Это важно.
Спасибо.

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(@stasenevg)
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Где администрация?
Это очень важно.
Спасибо.

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(@stasenkxq)
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Где модератор ??
Это очень важно.
Спасибо.

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