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Bursting crackers especially on Diwali has been a long time custom in our society which is now becoming lethal for the next generation. Discuss the constitutional and legal provisions, their implementations and feasible solutions to combat pollution ...


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Bursting crackers especially on Diwali has been a long time custom in our society which is now becoming lethal for the next generation. Discuss the constitutional and legal provisions, their implementations and feasible solutions to combat pollution caused by crackers.

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              Diwali is the religious festival of Hindu, but is also observed among Jains, Sikhs and Buddhists and many other religions. Diwali is celebrated as a significance of good against evils and also said as same symbolic victory of light over darkness. So the celebrations are done through lighting of Diyas, Fire works etc. It has been a long time custom in our society. But now due to increase in our society. But now due to increase usage of fire crackers the air pollution and noise pollution are increasing which is  becoming dangerous to the future generations. In the recent times the fire crackers are used not only for Diwali. but also in some functions like marriages. 

The constitutional and legal provisions related to bursting of fire crackers on Diwali are;

  • Supreme court sets time limit on bursting of crackers on Diwali and on other festivals to restrict the people and to reduce the pollution to some extent.
  • Supreme court has imposed ban on use of barium salts in crackers and serious crackers which have high explosion and causes huge pollution.
  • The court had said that Article 21(right to life) of the Constitution applies to both crackers manufacturers and the general public. So the court had imposed limited ban on fire crackers during Diwali to examine its effects on the pollution levels.

The implementations and feasible solution to combat pollution are;

  • As there have to be a balance between all segments of society, the complete ban on the fire crackers cannot be imposed, so they came out with "green crackers" because that would cause air pollution. These green crackers are less dangerous and less harmful to the atmosphere. 
  • Scientists at Central Electro Chemical Research Institute(CECRI), Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, National Botanical Research Institute and National Chemical Laboratory have developed few Green crackers to protect the environment.
  • The usage of this green crackers can have balance in the religious aspects and the atmosphere.
  • Using of Diyas over electric lights and the firecrackers will reduce the pollution. 

                                On Diwali people burn crackers to show there happiness towards good winning against evils, but this will have dangerous impact on the future generations. And many critics say that this is not something that the Government and courts will ask the citizens to stop burning crackers, every citizen they themselves have to stop using of firecrackers as it is a responsibility of every person because that will have effect on there own generations as well.

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Q. Bursting crackers especially on Diwali has been a long time custom in our society which is now becoming lethal for the next generation. Discuss the constitutional and legal provisions, their implementations and feasible solutions to combat pollution caused by crackers.

Diwali as a major festival is being celebrated every year by multi religious communities like Hindu, Sikhs and Buddhist with bursting large amounts of crackers. Bursting crackers is a matter of individual freedom as well as religious freedom. Worldwide crackers are also used to celebrate New Year and Christmas festivals. Busting of crackers led to unbreathable air and intolerable noise especially in NCR region for most of the living being

 Article 21 of our constitution provides Right to Life and Liberty. It is equally available to firecrackers’ manufacturers and firecrackers’ busters, the general public especially children and women. Thus rights of all should be protected with a balanced approach towards religious freedom (Art 25) and life and personal liberty (Art 21). Balancing them may provide a solution to clean air. Health of the people is “more important” and it must take precedence over any commercial or other interest.

 Laws and verdicts of Supreme Court associated with it:

 

  • SC verdict has already put a time limit on bursting crackers for the day of Diwali from 8 p.m. to 10 p.m. on Christmas and New Years from 11:55 p.m. to 12:30 a.m.

  • PESO monitors the presence of banned chemicals like lithium, arsenic, lead, and mercury and decibel (sound) levels in crackers.

  • Limits are on Green Crackers with low emission crackers (PM reduction by 30-35%) and reduction in NOx and SO2.

  • Ban over online sale of firecrackers, barium salts, and use of string of crackers.

  • Every packet should carry information regarding chemical contents, also the crackers.

 

A blanket ban on bursting crackers would heart cultural sentiment attached to centuries old tradition. In 2017, the Supreme Court temporarily banned the sale of firecrackers just ahead of Diwali to examine its effect on the environment. Post Diwali, It was realized that burning of crackers is just a two day event and only partly contributes to the long term problem of urban pollution. Promotion of ‘Green Crackers’ with less harmful chemicals, proper implementation of restrictive laws, more involvement of civil society and sensitizing people about environmental problems may be the way forward.

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