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Q. Critically analyse the approach of government towards Naxalism, in wake of recent Sukma ambush? What further can be done to prevent such attacks?


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Q. Critically analyse the approach of government towards Naxalism, in wake of recent Sukma ambush? What further can be done to prevent such attacks?

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The term "Naxalism" derives its name from the village "Naxarbari" of West Bengal. It originated as a rebellion against local landlords. Later it spread across the Eastern India i.e, specially in Chhattisgarh, odisha and Arunachal Pradesh.Naxal supports Maoist Political sentiment and ideology.

Reasons for Left Wing Extremism:---

1.Tribal Discontent:- The Tribal Discontent was created firstly for the Forest Conservation Act,1980, because in the then situation this act had been used to target Tribals.

2.East target for Maoist:- Such People who do not have any source of living are taken into Naxalism by Maoist.

3.Gaps into Socio-Economis System of the country:- A huge gap has been created in Socio-Economic system in India. such as, Absence of Strong Technical Intelligence to fight with Naxalists., Infrastructure problem etc.

                                 On 3rd April,2021, the Security Personnel belonging to the central researve Police Force's Elite CoBRA unit And the Special task force were ambused in Chaattisgarh(Sukma District).At least 22 Indian Secuirity Personnel were killed on that incident.In previous day also Sukma had witnessed many Maoist attacks.

The Approach of Government to fight Naxals:----

1.Greyhounds:- It was raised in 1989 as an elite anti-naxal force.

2.Operation Green Hunts:- In this operation ,massive deployment of Security forces was done in the naxal-affected areas.It was started 2009-2010.

3.LWE mobile tower project:- In 2014, the Governmant Approved installation of mobile towers in Naxals affected states etc.

                           Inspite of taking many measures against Maoism,Government is still persisting for some reasons. such as-

1.Fund from Outside India.

2.Selling of Coal Illegibly.

3.Their Ideology of quick Justice.etc.

                          Some works can be done to prevent such antisocial works. such as ---

1. More  work on Intelligence.

2. More funding the affected area.

3.Capacity building.etc.

                      Thus, through some continued efforts( such as, trying to give secuirity of peace loving people, giving more funds) Government can fight against this Security threat.

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