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Weekly Current Affairs: Quizzes, 14 to 19 August, 2023
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Q.1 Consider the following statements regarding Vishwakarma Yojana:
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
The Vishwakarma Yojana is a comprehensive scheme designed to cater to the needs of artisans and craftsmen, particularly those from Other Backward Classes (OBCs). Thus, statement 1 is not correct.
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Q.2 Consider the following statements regarding Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC):
How many of the above statement/s is/are correct?
The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is an international organization that presents itself as the collective representation of the global Muslim community. It was founded in response to the perceived desecration of the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem and was established during a summit held in Rabat, Morocco, in 1969. Thus, statement 1 is correct.
Key Points about OIC:
Purpose and Membership:
Headquarters and Aspirations:
Decision Making and Consensus:
OIC Charter and Principles:
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Q.3 Consider the following statements regarding the Delimitation Commission:
The Delimitation Commission is a prominent entity established by an act of the Parliament to undertake significant tasks related to constituency delineation and representation. Thus, statement 1 is correct.
Appointment and Coordination:
Composition of Members:
Functions and Powers:
Duties and Mandate: The primary duty of the Delimitation Commission is to realign the representation of territorial constituencies in the House of the People and Legislative Assemblies based on the latest population census figures.
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Q.4 Consider the following statements regarding the PM-eBus Sewa.
The "PM-eBus Sewa" Initiative
The "PM-eBus Sewa" initiative is a transformative scheme with the goal of revolutionizing urban transportation in India by introducing 10,000 electric buses through a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model. This scheme is strategically designed to address various challenges in urban mobility and promote sustainable, eco-friendly transportation solutions. Thus, option (b) is correct.
Components of the Scheme:
Sustainability and Impact:
The "PM-eBus Sewa" scheme aligns with India's commitment to sustainability and environmental protection. The transition to electric buses is expected to significantly reduce carbon emissions, contribute to cleaner air quality, and mitigate noise pollution in urban areas. By promoting electric mobility, the scheme plays a crucial role in achieving India's sustainable development goals and fulfilling international environmental commitments.
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Q.5 Consider the following statements regarding Aditya-L1 Mission:
The Aditya L1 Mission is an ambitious space exploration initiative undertaken by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) with the primary objective of studying the Sun, our nearest star. This mission aims to unravel the mysteries surrounding the Sun's dynamic behavior, its impact on space weather, and its influence on Earth's environment. Thus, statement 1 is not correct.
The Aditya L1 Mission is named after the Sanskrit word "Aditya," which translates to "Sun" in English. The "L1" refers to the Lagrange point L1, a gravitationally stable location situated between the Sun and Earth, where the spacecraft will be positioned to obtain continuous and unobstructed observations of the Sun. Thus, statement 2 is not correct.
Key Components: The Aditya L1 Mission will include:
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Q.6 Consider the following statements regarding Luna-25 :
The Luna-25 lunar mission stands as a significant endeavor by the Russian space agency, Roscosmos, with the primary objective of exploring the moon's south pole region and conducting vital scientific investigations. Thus, statement 1 is correct.
Equipment and Payload:
Challenges and Setbacks:
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Q.7 Consider the following statements regarding Parliamentary privileges :
Parliamentary privileges encompass special rights, immunities, and exemptions that are afforded to the two Houses of Parliament, their committees, and their members. These privileges are defined within Article 105 of the Indian Constitution. They grant certain protections to members of Parliament, such as exemption from civil liability (though not criminal liability) for statements made or actions taken during their official duties. It's important to note that these privileges are applicable only when the individual is an active member of the respective house. They cease to apply once the person's membership ends. Thus, statement 2 is not correct.
The framework for these privileges is not laid out in a singular comprehensive law, but rather they draw from several sources:
Privileges and Their Specifics:
Freedom of Speech in Parliament:
Limitations on Freedom of Speech:
Freedom from Arrest:
Right to Prohibit Publication of Proceedings:
Right to Exclude Strangers:
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Q.8 What is “MARS", frequently referenced in the news?
The Methane Alert and Response System (MARS) is a groundbreaking satellite-based initiative aimed at detecting and addressing methane emissions to combat climate change. Introduced as part of the United Nations Environment Programme’s (UNEP) International Methane Emissions Observatory (IMEO) strategy, MARS serves to provide policy-relevant data for effective emissions mitigation.
Key Points about MARS:
Introduction and Purpose:
Transparency and Accessibility:
Partnerships and Services:
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Q.9 Consider the following statements regarding Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO)
The Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO) is an intergovernmental entity established through the Amazon Cooperation Treaty, signed by the eight Amazonian countries. The treaty's inception occurred on July 3, 1978, with the subsequent creation of ACTO in 1995, aimed at strengthening and realizing the treaty's objectives. The member nations encompass Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Thus, statement 1 is correct.
Key Points about Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO):
Formation and Purpose:
Key Facts about the Amazon Rainforest:
The Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization plays a pivotal role in promoting environmental preservation and sustainable development within the Amazon basin, facilitated through collaboration among the eight member countries.
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Q.10 The river “Devika” is a tributary of :
Key Facts about Devika River:
The River Devika Rejuvenation Project
The River Devika Rejuvenation Project is an initiative aimed at revitalizing the Devika River and implementing effective waste management practices.
Comprehensive Waste Management:
Complementary Solid Waste Management:
Financial Allocation Breakdown:
Empowering Communities through PRIs:
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Q.11 Consider the following statements regarding Starlink Project:
Starlink Project Overview:
The Starlink Project is a groundbreaking initiative by SpaceX aimed at providing global internet coverage through a vast satellite constellation in low-Earth orbit. With its deployment beginning in 2019, the project has garnered significant attention for its potential to reshape internet connectivity across the world.
Infrastructure and Accessibility:
Space Debris Concerns:
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Q.12 The term "Gnanamuyarchi", which was recently seen in news refers to:
Palm manuscripts from the 18th Century, titled "Gnanamuyarchi," have been unearthed in an Armenian monastery situated in Northern Italy.
A manuscript refers to a handwritten or typewritten document that predates the era of printing. It often holds historical or literary significance. Notable examples include ancient religious Sanskrit texts meticulously inscribed on palm or birch leaves.
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