Weekly Current Affairs: Quizzes, 19 to 24 June, 2023


Weekly Current Affairs: Quizzes, 19 June to 24 June, 2023

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Q.1 Which of the following statements about phonons are correct?

  1. Phonons are quantum mechanical particles that carry heat and sound energy in solids.
  2. Phonons are collective vibrations of atoms in a crystal lattice.
  3. Phonons can only exist at absolute zero temperature.
  4. Phonons play a crucial role in determining the thermal and electrical properties of materials.
  5. The energy of a phonon is directly proportional to its frequency.

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Q.2 Which of the following statements regarding the National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) is/are correct?

  1. NIXI is a not-for-profit organization established under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
  2. NIXI facilitates the exchange of domestic internet traffic between Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in India.
  3. NIXI manages and operates the in country code top-level domain (ccTLD) registry for India.
  4. NIXI promotes the adoption of internet technologies and provides internet-related services to individuals and organizations.

Select the correct option:

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Q.3 Which of the following statements about the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) is/are correct?

  1. CDSCO is the national regulatory body for Indian pharmaceuticals and medical devices.
  2. CDSCO is responsible for regulating the import, manufacture, distribution, and sale of drugs in India.
  3. CDSCO operates under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  4. CDSCO is responsible for conducting clinical trials and granting approvals for new drugs and medical devices.
  5. CDSCO ensures the quality, safety, and efficacy of drugs and medical devices in India.

Select the correct option:

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Q.4 Which of the following statements regarding the Gandhi Peace Prize is/are correct?

  1. The Gandhi Peace Prize is an annual award instituted by the Indian government to recognize individuals or institutions that have made outstanding contributions towards social, economic, and political peace.
  2. The award was established in 1995 on the occasion of the 125th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
  3. The prize carries a cash reward of ₹1 crore and a citation.
  4. The first recipient of the Gandhi Peace Prize was Nelson Mandela in recognition of his nonviolent struggle against apartheid and his vision for a free and democratic South Africa.

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Q.5 Which of the following statements about the X and Y chromosomes in humans are correct? 

  1. The X and Y chromosomes determine the biological sex of an individual.
  2. Females have two X chromosomes, while males have one X and one Y chromosome.
  3. The Y chromosome contains genes responsible for the development of male characteristics.
  4. X-linked genetic disorders can affect both males and females, but are more commonly observed in males.
  5. Turner syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of an additional Y chromosome in females.

Select the correct option(s) from the choices given below:

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Q.6 Consider the following statements regarding the Dengue virus:

  1. Dengue fever is caused by the Dengue virus, which belongs to the Flaviviridae family.
  2. The primary mode of transmission of Dengue virus is through the bite of infected  Aedes mosquitoes.
  3. A person infected with one serotype of the Dengue virus develops lifelong immunity to all other serotypes.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

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Q7 Consider the following statements regarding the Miyawaki  method of afforestation:

  1. The Miyawaki method was developed by Japanese botanist Dr. Akira Miyawaki as a technique to create dense, native forests in a short span of time.
  2. The Miyawaki method focuses on planting a variety of tree species closely together to mimic the structure and diversity of natural forests.
  3. The Miyawaki method requires a large amount of water and regular irrigation to ensure the successful growth of the planted trees.

Choose the correct statement(s) from the options given below:

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Q.8 Which of the following statements regarding Direct Seeding of Rice (DSR) is/are correct?

  1. Direct Seeding of Rice is a technique that involves sowing rice seeds directly into the field without the need for nursery-raised seedlings.
  2. DSR helps in reducing water consumption as compared to traditional transplanting methods of rice cultivation.
  3. Direct Seeding of Rice is primarily suitable for rainfed areas with low water availability.
  4. DSR increases the risk of weed infestation compared to traditional transplanting methods.

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Q.9 Which of the following statements regarding Urban Heat Islands (UHI) is/are correct?

  1. Urban Heat Islands (UHI) are characterized by higher temperatures in urban areas compared to surrounding rural areas.
  2. UHI effect is primarily caused by human activities such as urbanization and increased energy consumption.
  3. UHI can lead to several adverse effects, including increased energy demands, air pollution, and heat-related illnesses.
  4. The UHI effect is pronounced only during the day when solar radiation is at its peak.
  5. The presence of green spaces and vegetation can mitigate the UHI effect by reducing surface temperatures.

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Q.10 Which of the following best describes drip pricing?

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Q.11 Which of the following statements about Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is correct?

  1. GIAHS aims to promote sustainable agriculture practices and preserve traditional knowledge and biodiversity.
  2. GIAHS sites are exclusively found in developed countries with advanced agricultural technologies.
  3. GIAHS designation is given only to individual farms that demonstrate exceptional productivity and high economic value.
  4. GIAHS focuses solely on the preservation of historical agricultural practices and does not address modern agricultural challenges.

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Q.12 Which of the following statements about the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries plus (OPEC+) is true?

  1. OPEC+ is an alliance of oil-producing countries formed to coordinate and stabilize global oil prices.
  2. The primary objective of OPEC+ is to increase oil production to meet global demand and lower oil prices.
  3. OPEC+ operates under the leadership of the United States and its policies are primarily driven by American interests.

Choose the correct option(s):