Why in the news?

  • The grant of the bail to the 82 year old Telugu poet and activist, Varavara Rao, on medical grounds is being considered as a welcome step.
  • Varavara Rao , is an accused in the Bhima Koregaon battle violence which took place in 2018.


About Bhima koregaon Battle:

  • Bhima Koregaon Battle took place on 1st January 1818.
  • Bhima Koregaon is a small village in the Pune district of Maharashtra.
  • It is considered to be part of the 3rd Anglo Maratha war.
  • The Battle of Bhima Koregaon was fought between the Peshwa faction of the Maratha Confederacy and the British East India Company.

Controversy regarding it:

Bhima Koregaon is considered to be the battle between the Upper caste and the Mahars who belonged to the backward caste. Let us analyse the scenario of that time:





It was led by Captain Francis F Staunton Peshwa Baji Rao II led the Army
Company had around 800 soldiers Marathas had a strong force of around 28000
The army majorly constituted the people of Mahar caste, who were dalits and untouchables. Here the army majorly constituted the upper caste people
They were victorious inspite of the smaller number They were defeated even after a greater number.


The significance of the Bhima Koregaon battle:

  • Dalits believed that this was a victory of the Mahar community against the caste injustices perpetrated by the Peshwas.
  • In Koregaon, the British East India company installed an obelisk or Victory Pillar to commemorate those who fought for them.
  • On 1st Jan 1927 , BR Ambedkar visited the site of Bhima Koregaon victory pillar.
  • Every year thousands of his followers visits the victory pillar to commemorate his visit.


  •       Caste consciousness is  healthy for society only as long as it is a medium of binding it to your culture and coherent religious roots.
  •       It should not become a medium to divide people by using such caste centric events even centuries after its actual occurrence. 


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