Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

  • CSIR was established in September 1942 as an autonomous body.
  • CSIR now has become the largest research and development organisation in India with over 38 laboratories/institutes, 39 outreach centers, 3 Innovation Centers and 5 units throughout the nation.
  • Its parent institution is the Ministry of Science and Technology, but it operates as an autonomous body through the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
  • Its research and development activities include life sciences, aerospace engineering, structural engineering, food, ocean sciences, metallurgy, petroleum, chemicals, mining, leather and environmental science.
  • According to the Scimago Institutions Ranking World Report 2021. CSIR ranked 37th among 1587 government institutions worldwide and it is the only Indian organization among the top 100 global government institutions.
  • CSIR also holds the 7th rank in Asia and leads the country at the first position.
  • CSIR has put in place CSIR@80: Vision & Strategy 2022 – New CSIR for New India. Its mission is “to build a new CSIR for a new India”, and vision is to “Pursue science which strives for global impact, the technology that enables innovation-driven industry and nurtures trans-disciplinary leadership thereby catalyzing inclusive economic development for the people of India”.
  • Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar (SSB) Prize for Science and Technology is named after the founder Director of the CSIR, the late Dr. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar.


Organizational Structure 

  • President: Prime Minister (Ex-Officio)
  • Vice President: Minister of Science & Technology, India (Ex-Officio)
  • Governing Body: The Director General is the head of the governing body. The other ex-officio member is the finance secretary (expenditures). Other members’ terms are three years.
  • CSIR Advisory Board: 15-member body composed of prominent members from respective fields of science and technology. Its function is to provide S&T inputs to the governing body. Member terms are three years.



The changed R&D scenario has inspired CSIR towards: 

  • Science and Engineering leadership;
  • Innovative technology solutions;
  • Open innovation and crowdsourcing;
  • Nurturing talent in transdisciplinary areas;
  • Science-based entrepreneurship; and
  • Socio-economic transformation through S&T intervention



  • To promote scientific and industrial/applied research of national importance. It covers various areas like radio and space physics, nanotechnology, oceanography, biotechnology etc.
  • To establish, maintain, and manage laboratories, institutions, workshops, and organizations to further scientific and industrial research.
  • To provide significant technological intervention in different areas with regard to societal efforts which include the health, environment, energy, food, drinking water, housing, farm and non-farm sectors.


Notable achievements of CSIR over the years 

  • Developed India’s first synthetic drug, methaqualone in 1950.
  • Design of the first India Tractor – Swaraj – in 1967
  • Developed Optical Glass for defense purposes.
  • Developed a Bacterial Blight Resistant Rice i.e. Samba Mahsuri Rice Variety.
  • Established ‘Traditional Knowledge Digital Library’ which can be accessed in five languages – English, German, French, Japanese and Spanish.
  • Developed Solar Tree which occupies minimum space to produce clean power.
  • Successfully completed the sequencing of the Human Genome in 2009.
  • Designed India’s first ever parallel processing computer, Flosolver.

 plutus ias current affairs eng med 17th August 2022




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