10 Dec Significance of CDS post (GS Paper 2 )
Significance of CDS post- Today Current Affairs
Context : The CDS post is the highest post in defense services and General Bipin Rawat was the first CDS who was unfortunately martyred when a chopper carrying him along with 13 more soldiers crashed after collision with a tree
Introduction : The Hindu Analysis
The Post Chief of the Defense staff was constituted by the government of India in 2001 . Infact , India was the only big country in the world where there was not any single authority who could take any strategic decision related to war . There were three chieves like army chief, air force chief and Navy chief on equal positions. There was no single authority who could coordinate them and worked as the defense advisor for the government of India . After the creation of CDS , this vacuum is filled . Our Prime minister did a tremendous reform in higher defense management in the country and created the post of Chief of Defence Staff in the rank of a four-star General with salary and perquisites equivalent to a Service Chief. He heads the Department of Military Affairs (DMA) and would act as the Principal Military Adviser to Raksha Mantri on all tri-Services matters.
When India became free and we did not have any experience regarding administration. Therefore we maintained the equality of all the chiefs of the Military , Airforce and Navy . In fact , during that time (Just after 1947) , there was a big threat of the formation of a military state instead of democratic state . But when we got success to establish our democratic system strongly , and we realized that our democracy has not any type of threat , we decided to reform in our defense sector and during the time of our honorable Prime minister it was materialized also
History of Army Officers who hold four or More Stars : Today Current Affairs
Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa was the first army head who held the five star and was first Indian commander in Chief. Up to that time the constitution of India was not formed , this post held 5 stars (Even Cariappa Holded it up to his retirement). This five star rank was not given to anybody and Sam Manekshaw was another person who was given five stars.
Presently all the chiefs (General , Admiral and Marshal ) are having stars . Even though in Rank , Chief of the army staff also hold 4 starts equal to other chief of the Army staff, Naval staff and Air staffs but He could on single advisor of defense ministry on the affairs of Army, Navy and Air force
Generally at the time of the formation of this post (Chief of the Army staff) , some apprehensions raised during that time are proved baseless and Now we feel the huge significance of this post . After the death of General Rawat , it would not be easy for the government to appoint any cable person to that post .
The The basic criteria for appointment of the CDS is any senior most commander in chief of all three services should be appointed on this post but it is sole right of President of India In fact our prime minister stated the significance of this post in his inaugural speech which is published in PIB of 24 Dec 2019 that “Our entire military power will have to work in unison and move forward. All the three (Services) should move simultaneously at the same pace. There should be good coordination and it should be relevant to the hope and aspirations of our people. It should be in line with the changing war and security environment with the world. After formation of this post (CDS), all the three forces will get effective leadership at the top level.”