Significance of UAPA for national Security (GS paper 3 , Internal Security ) (Source The Hindu)

Significance of UAPA for national Security (GS paper 3 , Internal Security ) (Source The Hindu)

Significance of UAPA for national Security- Today Current Affairs

Context : Nealy 53% of persons arrested under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention ) Act (UAPA) in 2018, 2019 and 2020 were youngsters mostly below 30 years . This information is given by Union home ministry (MHA to the Lok Sabha) 


UAPA is an act to prevent unlawful activities and It was enacted for internal security of the country . The objective of THE UNLAWFUL ACTIVITIES (PREVENTION) ACT, 1967 was to curtail those activities which would disrupt the peace in the society . But after that it was amended in 1969, 1972, 1986, 2004, 2008, 2012 and in 2019 as per the requirement of the government. 

It was also cleared that presently no amendments in UAPA are under consideration . Maximum arrest under UAPA of persons below 30 years of age was made in Uttar Pradesh (205) followed by Jammu Kashmir(166) , Manipur (113) and Jharkhand (35). Now these facts are to think whether this is UP where anti national activities are going on in large numbers? If we observe, we find the answer NO.  Kasmir, and the state of northeast and the the state influenced with naxals are distrubed regions and the use of UAPA should be more in these states but the data is little more surprising 

Whether This UAPA used in UP is for political benefits only :

If we analyze the data provided by the National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB), we see that the conviction rate of the arrest under the UAPA is very poor , only 10 -15 % of people could be convicted under this act . This data is for national level. If we see the  date for UP, we see that the condition is more poor in UP

During the last few days , we saw the arrest of some students of UP under UAPA who were celebrating the victory of Pakistan in T20 world cup cricket . Can they be convicted? This is the big question . 

Significance of UAPA Act : The Hindu Analysis

Definitely , when this act was enacted by the parliament , at that time India was facing the problem of the disintegrating elements and the Punjab crisis was also there. But nowadays , the nature of internal security has changed. Therefore , in 2019, the government changed this UAPA act , but the implementation of this act is not proper. Sometimes we see the arrest of people only because of political reasons . This must be avoided otherwise the significance of this act would fade . 

Our police and investigating agencies must be mere professional so that the conviction rate should be increased otherwise , the trust over this act would not be for a long time and it will lose its significance . 

Therefore this is the duty of state and the center government also to use this act properly and this is the most significant act to control over anti national activities but another dark phase of this implementation of this act is that it is being used for political benefits and those students andthe youngers who are not aware with the concept of nation, national integration and indian constitution , commit any crime unwillingly , our agencies must investigate in this direction also and try to use this act when they have proper and sufficient evidence against the accused 


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