Suspension of MPs from Parliament : Any disciplinary Action or Crushing the voice of opponents (GS Paper II : Indian Constitution )

Suspension of MPs from Parliament : Any disciplinary Action or Crushing the voice of opponents (GS Paper II : Indian Constitution )

Context : Yesterday, during winter session of the parliament 12 MPs of opposition party were suspainted from Rajya Sabha for their misconduct as satiated by the chairperson of Rajya Sabha Venkaiah Naidu (Vice President )

Introduction : In the Indian parliament there are two houses Loksabha and rajyasabha. During the session of parliament , the proceedings of each house is headed by the Chairperson (For lok sabha, speaker is the chairperson and for Rajya Sabha, vice president is the chairperson ) and this is the responsibility of chairpersons of both houses to run the house smoothly . therefore they are empowered with certain powers to suspend the member of parliament for any misconduct described in their rule book . 

For Lok sabha through rule 374 and 374 A are given. Rule 374 A was incorporated in 2001 . According to rule  374, a speaker can take any disciplinary action against any member of the parliament if that member violates and dishonors the chair .Speaker can suspend any member through the motion . even though speaker can terminate this suspension also through same procedure and  as per the rule 374A states that Notwithstanding anything contained in rules 373 and 374, in the event of grave disorder occasioned by a Member coming into the well of the House or abusing the Rules of the House persistently and wilfully obstructing its business by shouting slogans or otherwise, such Member shall, on being named by the Speaker, stand automatically suspended from the service of the House for five consecutive sittings or the remainder of the session, whichever is less: Provided that the House may, at any time, on a motion being made, resolve that such suspension be terminated.

Similar power was given to the Chairman of the Rajyasabha through rule 255 . Chairman may name of the member of Rajyasabha who misconducts or does any misbehavior against the chair and can suspend the member by a motion 

This was not the first time when these members of the houses were suspended . During UPA period many time Mira Kumar had taken such strong decision and suspended 18 MPs of Andhra Pradesh those were demanding the separate state of Telangana Even though during the period Rajeev Gandhi 63 members of opposition party were suspended 

Generally on the name of smooth running of the house , presiding officers of any houses curved the voice of opponents and in this way definitely democracy suffers 


In fact , It is undoubtedly that presiding officers of both houses should be empowered with certain power to run the houses smoothly but the rule should be more elaborative in its nature on the violation of which these strict actions must be taken but there is some scope to reform in the status of chairperson (mainly speaker) . Just like the British parliamentary system, speakers should resign from political parties and the Vice president should also work in an unbiased manner. Through these types of reforms our democracy would be strengthened. Opposition is the main tool to curb the authoritative nature of the state . The voice of opposition must be listen and appreciated but on other way this opponent must be constructive in it nature 

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