One nation, one law, demand for Uniform civil code

One nation, one law, demand for Uniform civil code

Uniform Civil Code

This article is based on the “Uniform Civil Code”. It talks about Indian Polity and Governance the significance of  One nation one law, demand for Uniform Civil Code.

Prelims: Indian Polity and Governance

Mains: GS II: Indian Constitution—significant provisions, etc.

GS  II: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Uniform civil code

Pic: Uniform civil code


  • Center has suggested the supreme court put up a Uniform Civil  Code for its citizens  and that people  of different religions and denominations following different property and matrimonial laws is an “affront to nations unity ”before the 22nd  law commission

What is article 44 of the Indian constitution?

  •  Article 44 is a DPSP which means Directive principles  of states policies
  • This article of the Indian constitution defines the Uniform Civil Code.
  • This article states  that ‘The State shall endeavor to secure for the citizens a Uniform Civil Code throughout the territory of India.’

About the Uniform Civil Code

  • A collective set of governing laws for every citizen without taking into consideration religion.

What is the Directive Principle of States (DPSP)?

  • DPSP  are the kind of instructions/guidelines framed for the central as well as state governments. However,  these are fundamental in the governance of the country, but they are non-justifiable.

Difference between Fundamental Rights and DPSP in India 

Fundamental Rights

  • Negative since they prohibit the state from doing certain things
  • Justiciable in nature
  • Aim: establishing political democracy
  • Legal sanctions
  • Do not require legislation for their implementation
  • Courts are bound to declare a law invalid if they violate FRS


  • Positive since they compel states to take actions
  • Non-justiciable in nature
  • Aim: economic and social democracy
  • Moral and political sanctions
  • Requires legislation for their implementation
  • Courts cannot declare a law invalid if they violate FRds

The history

  • The idea of the Uniform Civil Code in India during the Colonial period, when in 1853 the  British  Government gave its report, emphasizing the need for homogeneity in the codification of Indian laws relating to crimes, shreds of evidence and contracts, particularly the personal laws of Muslims and Hindu be kept outside of such codification.
  • But, the 1st war of  Indian Independence which is famously known as the Sepoy Mutiny in 1857 gave a strong signal to the British to not change the social structure of India and also gave a lesson to respect the personal codes governing aspects of marriage, divorce, maintenance, adoption, and succession.
  • The communal disharmony and hostility to the removal of personal laws, after the Indian  independence, against the backdrop of Partition, resulted in accommodating the UCC as a DPSP
  • However, the makers of the Constitution tried to put  a Hindu Code Bill in the Parliament that included reforms  like women’s equal rights of inheritance, regrettably, they didn’t successful
  • But on  5th September 2005, when the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005 received assent from the President of India that the discriminatory provisions considering property rights in the Hindu Succession Act, 1956 were removed.

 Need for Uniform civil code

  •  India being a secular country, needs a general law for all the citizens instead of laws based on different religious practices.
  • Gender Justice: under religious law, women’s rights in India are limited be it Muslim or Hindu. Many practices regulated by religious tradition are at odds with the fundamental rights –guaranteed in the constitution of India 
  • Cases like Saira Bano augured for the Uniform Civil Code.

Reform of Family Law report by 21st Law Commission of India on Article 44-

  • The report states that the diversity of Indian culture can and should be celebrated, and specific groups or weaker sections of the society must not be ‘in the process. Resolution of this conflict does not mean the abolition of difference, it said.
  • The report states that
  • The cultural diversity of India can and should be celebrated. However, particular groups, communities, or weaker sections of society should not be ‘dis-privileged’ in this process.
  • Hence, the commission concluded, considering the discriminatory laws rather than giving Uniform Civil Code, which is not necessary nor Desirable at this point.
  • The way forward may not be a Uniform Civil Code but the codification of all personal laws so that prejudices and stereotypes in every one of them would come to light and could be tested on the anvil of Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Constitution.
  • The commission has already suggested certain amendments in personal laws including setting the marriageable age for boys and girls at 18 years so that they may marry as equals, making adultery a ground of divorce for men and women, and simplifying divorce procedures.
  • Recommendations were also made to abolish polygamy by law.

Does India don’t have any Uniform Civil Code?

  • In most civil matters, Indian Law does not follow a uniform code, such as
  • Indian Contract Act,
  • Civil Procedure Code,
  • Sale of Goods Act,
  • Transfer of Property Act,
  •  Partnership Act, Evidence Act etc.
  • States, as well, have made put in many efforts and therefore in certain matters, there is diversity even under these secular civil laws.

Why UUC is not needed at this point? 

  • The secularism of the nation cannot contradict the plurality widespread in the country.
  • The cultural diversity of India cannot be compromised to the extent that our want for uniformity itself can turn out to be a  reason for threat to the territorial integrity of the nation.

  Constitutional Obstacle 

  • Article 25 of the Indian constitution, which gives the right of freedom to practice and propagate any religion gets into conflict with the concepts of equality enshrined under Article 14 of the Indian Constitution.


Download PDF:

Download Plutus IAS current affairs 20th Oct 2022

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC

Our Daily Current Affairs for UPSC include Daily News and Important Editorials. We cowl Daily News by selecting the maximum applicable subjects from some of the newspapers like The Hindu, The Indian Express, etc. plus quite a few countrywide and worldwide information websites like PIB, BBC, CNN, etc. All information gadgets are well-highlighted, bulletized, and tagged for smooth analysis and research. Sometimes we additionally encompass applicable infographics and diagrams in those information gadgets. Similarly, for Important Editorials, we depend on very straightforward sources –  though often countrywide, like The Hindu and Live mint – for our each day cowl. We preserve editorials as quickly and specifically as it might permit. We additionally bulletize sure factors of significance to make the articles extra presentable. The topic described above is related to Indian Polity and Governance. Nowadays it is very important for any UPSC aspirant to reading Current Affairs for UPSC examination. So everybody should accustom to reading Current Affairs for UPSC examination. Plutus IAS provides you with the Best Current Affairs for UPSC examination

No Comments

Post A Comment