Mastering the Art of Answer Writing for UPSC CSE Mains Exam

upsc mains answer writing

Mastering the Art of Answer Writing for UPSC CSE Mains Exam

Answer writing is a skill that is honed over time. It is especially important for the UPSC CSE  Mains Exam, as there are time and word constraints. Many students focus their IAS preparation on studying from class notes, books, UPSC magazines, and newspapers. They may practice answer writing to some extent after the prelims, but this is not enough.

To write effective answers, you need to know the word limits for each question. For a 10-mark answer, you are required to write 150 words. For a 15-mark answer, you need to write 200-250 words.

It is also important to learn how to incorporate keywords and real-life case examples into your answers. This will help you to score higher marks. In this blog, we will delve into the key strategies for crafting impressive answers in the UPSC CSE Mains Exam.





1. Comprehend the Question

A common pitfall in answer writing is misunderstanding the question’s essence. Before putting pen to paper, read the question twice to grasp its nuances and directives. Ensuring a precise alignment between your response and the question’s demands is crucial to score well.


2. Structure is Vital

Organizing your answers coherently is paramount. A well-structured response enhances readability and showcases a logical flow of thoughts. Begin with an introduction, followed by the main body, and conclude with a clear summary of your arguments.


3. Substance over Superfluity

Quality supersedes quantity when it comes to answer writing. Avoid including irrelevant or excessive information that may divert from the essence of your response. Focus on the core theme and substantiate your points with concrete examples, data, or evidence.


4. Tailor to Examiner’s Perspective

Approach answer writing from the examiner’s viewpoint. Understand that your answer represents you on paper, and thus, you must provide adequate information, ideas, and evidence that align with the examiner’s expectations. Grasping the psychology behind the question is vital for a comprehensive response.


5. Deciphering Directive Words

Directive words guide how you should approach a question. Whether it’s “explain,” “analyze,” “evaluate,” or “discuss,” each word holds a distinct meaning that shapes your response. Pay close attention to these words and provide the appropriate depth and breadth of information accordingly.


6. Substance Over Style

While the presentation is important, avoid exaggerating your responses excessively. Put a focus on responses that are clear, succinct, and well-reasoned. Although grammar, punctuation, and penmanship are important, they shouldn’t take priority over the content of your response.


7. Support with Relevant Sources

Substantiate your arguments using credible sources. Reference constitutional provisions, court verdicts, articles, and agreements where applicable. This not only adds weight to your response but also demonstrates your understanding of the subject matter.


8. Utilize Visual Aids

When appropriate, include diagrams, charts, maps, or figures. Particularly in areas like geography or environmental sciences, these illustrations improve understanding.


9. Embrace Critical Analysis

When asked to analyze, critically evaluate, or discuss, present a balanced view by presenting both sides of the argument. Support your analysis with facts, examples, and logical reasoning, showcasing a deep understanding of the topic.


10. Practice, Review, and Refine

Answer writing is a skill that improves with practice. Regularly attempt mock questions and critically review your answers. Seek feedback from mentors or peers to identify areas for improvement. Use their insights to refine your approach. This is the most important point to answer writing mains exam.


Plutus IAS – Best UPSC Coaching In India

Plutus IAS is aware of how critical strong answer writing is to passing the UPSC CSE Mains Exam. Our personalized instruction offers the best direction to improve your preparation. Regular classes, study guides, PDF notes, newspapers, and test series are all provided by Plutus IAS to make sure you are well-prepared to face the exam’s demands.

Example: How To Write An Answer Effectively

Consider the topic of “Euthanasia,” which may be related to studies on ethics, social justice, polity, and governance, for instance. It is crucial to start by comprehending the definition of this subject in order to handle it effectively. One should also look at the important parts of the Indian Constitution that deal with euthanasia, as well as the historical background and various defenses of the practice. Having a thorough comprehension of the subject matter can greatly affect your grade. But it’s important to stay on the subject and avoid deviating from it, as doing so could result in poor grades.



Success in the UPSC CSE Mains Answer Writing Exam requires that you learn the technique. A well-organized, backed-up, and pertinent response demonstrates your comprehension, discernment, and verbal and written communication skills. You can improve your strategy and get one step closer to realizing your goal of being an IAS officer with the help of Plutus IAS’s personalized coaching. Increase your chances of passing this renowned test by enrolling in Plutus IAS, the best Civil Services Coaching in India.

No Comments

Post A Comment