Amjad Ali Khan : A Legendary Sarod Artist (GS Paper I- History of Art)

Amjad Ali Khan : A Legendary Sarod Artist (GS Paper I- History of Art)

Amjad Ali Khan , recently discussed the significance of music in this world. There is the world of sound and the world of languages . Generally common people understand the world of languages , not the world of sound but an artist fel himself more close to the world of sound, not language. He or she always express himself or herself not with the help of language but with the help of sound 


It is a musical instrument with strings . This instrument is popular in Northern India, Pakistan and in Bangladesh . This is pure hindustani tradition of music. It is similar to the rabab, an afghan instrument . This is played with the help of its strings . Many scholar thinks that it is similar and originated from the sitar  

History of Sarod

The sarod came to existence in India from Afghanistan . when the Afghani people arrived in India for settlement during the Mughal period   The modern form of the instrument was designed in the 19th century. It is one of the most important concert instruments in Hindustani music and is often accompanied by the tabla (drums) and tambura (drone lute).

The term Sarod is a Persian Term and its meaning is music . Some scholars suggest that the word might also be used to denote some type of musical instrument of the medieval period. However, Many scholars are not agree with this argument 

As per the view of eminent scholar Allyn Miner Just  to distinguish the Afghani rabab from the Seniya rabab the players of Afghani rabab started calling it sarod.

This sarod was modified by Niyamatullah Khan  during the mid 19th century . Initially sarod was summer in size but nowadays it has become a little bit bigger in size . Its sound is not too sweet like the sound of being , sitar. But it gives  some specific type of thick sound because of its design . 

Eminent Players of Sarod

Ali Akbar Khan, son of Allauddin Khan, and his disciples were the empinent players of the sarod. Besides them  Allauddin Khan (1862–1972), Hafiz Ali Khan (1888–1972), Ali Akbar Khan (1922–2009, Bahadur Khan (1931-1989), Buddhadev Das Gupta (1933-2018), Kalyan Mukherjea (1943–2010), Sakhawat Hussain (1877–1955), Sharan Rani Backliwal (1929–2008) are  also few eminent players of the sarod 

Features of Sarod

  • The sarod  like other string based instruments  is generally  played with the help of a- plectrum. This plectrum should be handled with the right   hand by using two fingers and thumb strings are being operated 

  • This plectrum is called ‘jawa’ and is made of coconut shell. 

  • Formerly a plectrum made of wire was used, which was not good enough.

  • In sarod various materials such as horn, stone, etc have been used but the best material is ., it was found coconut shell for the sarod

  •  Sarods have metal wires

  • Sarod has four principal melody strings, two or more drone strings (the highest one is called chikārī), and others strings are called tarab.

  •  Sitar and the sārangī are another instrument of strings and These are also similar to sarod . All these instruments of strings   have the sympathetic strings extend from pegs in the side of the neck up through holes in the face of the neck and pass under the melody and drone strings. 

  • The  instruments of strings generally have  the membranes. These   membranes of sarod covers the base of the instrument

  • Sarod and sarangi  both have holes in their broad, 

  • Sarod has flat bridges through which their sympathetic strings pass. 

  • When a performer plays the melody string , other strings also vibrate, especially if they are tuned to the note played by the melody string.


Dr Anshul Bajpai

23nd september 2021 current Affairs Download

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