06 Jul Bharat 6G Alliance
This article covers “Daily Current Affairs” and the topic details “Bharat 6G Alliance”. The topic “Bharat 6G Alliance” has relevance in the Science and technology section of the UPSC CSE exam.
What is Bharat 6G Alliance?
GS 3: Science and technology
Importance of Bharat 6G Alliance?
Evolution of India’s Telecom Sector in Recent Years?
Telecom Technology Development Fund (TTDF) Scheme?
Why in the news?
Union Minister of Communications and Electronics & Information Technology, Ashwini Vaishnaw, announced the introduction of the Bharat 6G Alliance, a groundbreaking initiative aimed at launching the next-generation technology in India following the successful implementation of 5G.
About Bharat 6G Alliance (B6GA):
The B6GA is a collaborative platform comprising public and private companies, academia, research institutions, and standards development organizations.
The alliance aims to facilitate international collaboration and knowledge exchange by forging partnerships and synergies with other 6G global alliances.
- The primary objective of the B6GA is to understand the business and societal needs of 6G technology.
- It aims to foster consensus and drive high-impact research and development initiatives related to 6G technology.
- Development and Adoption Leadership: The B6GA will enable India to take a lead role in the development and adoption of 6G technology globally.
- Economic Impact: The advancement of 6G technology is expected to have a significant positive impact on India’s economy, driving growth and innovation across various sectors.
- Societal Impact: 6G technology has the potential to transform society by enabling new applications and services, improving connectivity, and empowering individuals and businesses.
- Environmental Impact: By embracing 6G technology, India can leverage its potential to develop sustainable and eco-friendly solutions, contributing to environmental conservation efforts.
- Avoid drain of Talent Pool: India’s large talent pool in fields like engineering, computer science, and telecommunications will be utilised in the research, development, and deployment of 6G technology.
- 6G technology is the successor of 5G technology, offering even higher speeds and advanced capabilities.
- It is expected to provide speeds up to 100 times faster than 5G, ultra-low latency, high reliability, and massive connectivity.
- 6G technology unlocks transformative applications: holographic communication for immersive experiences, brain-computer interfaces for mind-controlled devices, quantum internet for secure and high-speed communication, and artificial intelligence advancements.
- Holographic communication refers to the transmission and reception of real-time 3D holographic images for immersive communication experiences.
- Brain-computer interface is a technology that allows users to control computers and devices with their thoughts.
- 6G technology aims to utilize the terahertz band of frequency, which is currently unutilized, to achieve high data rates.
Evolution of India’s Telecom Sector in Recent Years:
- India is the world’s second-largest telecommunications market with a subscriber base of 1,170.38 million as of December 2022.
- There have been significant reductions in data costs, from Rs. 300/GB in 2014 to Rs. 10/GB in 2023.
- Regulatory processes have improved, including a reduction in the Right of Way permission duration from 230 to 9 days.
- Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the telecom sector has increased, amounting to 24 billion dollars.
- Spectrum allocation to Telecom Service Providers (TSPs) has been streamlined, with allocations happening within 24 hours.
- India has aligned with Japan on the Digital Payment system.
- India has successfully exported technology to 12 countries, including the USA.
Telecom Technology Development Fund (TTDF) Scheme:
- The TTDF Scheme was launched by the Department of Telecommunications (DoT)/Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) in 2022.
- Under this scheme, 5% of annual collections from USOF are allocated for funding research and development of telecom technologies, products, and services.
- The scheme aims to bridge the digital divide by developing and manufacturing state-of-the-art technologies.
- It encourages synergies among academia, start-ups, research institutes, and the industry to build and develop the telecom ecosystem.
Q.1 Which alliance aims to foster international collaboration and drive research and development initiatives for the advancement of 6G technology?
Q.2 What are some potential applications of 6G technology that could revolutionize industries and everyday life?
(a) Holographic communication
(b) Brain-computer interface
(c) Quantum internet
(d) All of the above
Q.3 Discuss the potential impact of 6G technology on society, economy, and environment, highlighting its transformative applications and the opportunities it presents for India.