12 Jun Centre unlikely to allow return of four Kerala women, who joined IS (The Hindu, GS-2, Internal security, GS-3)
Context:- The four Indian women lodged in an Afghanistan prison are unlikely to be allowed to return to the country. They were accompanied by their husbands to join the Islamic State in Khorasan Province (ISKP).
What is ISIS:-
- started as an Al-Qaeda splinter group
- It started as the Jamaat al-Tawhid wal-Jihad
- It was established by the Jordanian Al-Zarqawi in 1999.
- also called the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria or Islamic State in Iraq and Levant (ISIL)
- The ISIS aimed to create an Islamic state called a caliphate
- The group implements Sharia Law
- Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi and his group became directly involved ISIS
What is their ideology?
- ISIL is a theocracy
- A proto-state
- A Salafi or Wahhabi group.
- They are follower of extremist interpretation of Islam
- These interpretations promote religious violence.
- These interpretations regard Muslims who do not agree with its interpretations as infidels or apostates.
- They are keen in restoration of the caliphate of early Islam with
- all the political
- eschatological ramifications that this would imply.
- A caliphate is an area containing an Islamic Leader known as a ‘Caliph’.
- This person is to be considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet, Muhammad
This leader will lead the entire Muslim community.
What is their source of revenue?
- Tax and Proceeds from the occupation of territory
- Proceeds include control of banks, oil and gas reservoirs, taxation, extortion, and robbery.
- Kidnapping for ransom and abduction of people.
- Donations from Musilm countries such as Saudi Arabia and Gulf states
- Charity is disguised as meant for humanitarian charity.
- Material and military equipment support provided by foreign fighters.
- Fundraising through modern communication networks such as Bitcoin and other crypto currency.
Why were they successful?
- Unlike al Qaeda, ISIS has proven to be more brutal and more effective at controlling territory it has seized by making people under threat.
- they run a modern and an effective administration, In spite of their medieval ideology,
- Beneath the leaders are councils on finance, leadership, military matters, legal matters – including decisions on executions.
- From the cabinet and the governors to the financial and legislative bodies, ISIS’ bureaucratic hierarchy looks a lot like those of some of the Western countries.
Plutus IAS Current Affair Team Member