Crime and Security in the age of New Technologies

Crime and Security in the age of New Technologies

Crime and Security in the age of New Technologies

This article covers “Daily Current Affairs” and the topic details “Crime and Security in the age of New Technologies”. The topic “Crime and Security in the age of New Technologies” has relevance in the Security section for the UPSC CSE exam.

Relevance of the topic “Crime and Security in the Age of New Technologies”
For Prelims:
What are new technologies like NFTs, AI and Metaverse?
For Mains:
GS 3:Science and Technology
What is the status of Crime and Security in the Age of New Technologies?
Way Forward

Why in the news?

MHA will organize the “G20 Conference on Crime and Security in the age of NFTs, AI and Metaverse”.

What are new technologies like NFTs, AI and Metaverse?

New technologies like NFTs, AI, and the metaverse have gained significant attention and are transforming various aspects of our lives. Here’s a brief overview of each:

  • Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs): 
      • NFTs are unique digital assets that are verified on a blockchain, typically using cryptocurrency technology. 
      • Unlike cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin or Ethereum, which are fungible (interchangeable), NFTs are distinct and cannot be exchanged on a one-to-one basis. 
      • NFTs have gained popularity in the art world, allowing artists to tokenize and sell their digital creations, such as artwork, music, videos, virtual real estate, and more. 
      • Each NFT contains a unique digital signature, making it one-of-a-kind and providing proof of ownership.
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI):
      • AI refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that can perform tasks that would typically require human intelligence. 
      • AI technologies encompass various methods, including machine learning, deep learning, natural language processing, computer vision, and robotics. 
      • AI systems can analyze vast amounts of data, recognize patterns, make predictions, and automate processes. 
      • AI is being used in diverse fields such as healthcare, finance, transportation, customer service, and entertainment, and has the potential to revolutionize industries and improve efficiency.
  • Metaverse: 
      • The metaverse is a virtual reality-based collective virtual shared space, created by the convergence of virtually enhanced physical reality and physically persistent virtual reality.
      • It is essentially a fully immersive, interactive, and interconnected virtual world. The metaverse allows users to engage with each other and digital content through avatars and virtual reality devices, blurring the boundaries between the physical and digital realms. 
      • It offers opportunities for social interaction, entertainment, commerce, and creative expression. Companies are working on developing metaverse platforms and applications that offer experiences ranging from gaming to virtual meetings, shopping, and more.
  • What is the status of Crime and Security in the Age of New Technologies?

The intersection of NFTs (Non-Fungible Tokens), AI (Artificial Intelligence), and the metaverse presents both opportunities and challenges in the realm of crime and security. Let’s explore some key aspects:

  • NFTs and Intellectual Property Crime:
      • NFTs have gained significant popularity and this has also led to an increase in intellectual property theft, where unauthorized copies of digital creations are minted as NFTs and sold without the original creator’s consent. 
      • Protecting intellectual property rights in the digital space becomes crucial, and legal frameworks may need to adapt to address these new challenges.
  • AI and Cybersecurity Threats:
      • The integration of AI technologies in various aspects of our lives also introduces new cybersecurity risks. 
      • AI algorithms can be exploited by cybercriminals to conduct more sophisticated attacks, such as automated spear-phishing campaigns or AI-generated deepfake content for social engineering. 
  • Fraud and Scams in the Metaverse:
      • The metaverse, a virtual reality space where people can interact with one another and digital assets, opens up opportunities for fraud and scams. 
      • Criminals can create counterfeit NFTs or virtual items and trick users into purchasing them. 
      • Additionally, identity theft and financial fraud can occur within the metaverse, where individuals’ virtual identities and financial transactions are vulnerable to exploitation. Developing secure protocols and user education are crucial to mitigate these risks.
  • AI-powered Surveillance and Privacy Concerns:
      • AI technologies are increasingly used for surveillance purposes, such as facial recognition systems and predictive policing algorithms. 
      • While these tools can enhance security, they also raise concerns about privacy and potential misuse. 
      • Striking a balance between public safety and protecting individual rights is a key challenge as AI surveillance capabilities expand.
  • Money Laundering and Cryptocurrency:
    • The rise of cryptocurrencies, often used in NFT transactions, has raised concerns about money laundering and illicit financial activities. 
    • Cryptocurrencies offer a degree of anonymity, making it challenging to trace transactions and identify the individuals involved. 
    • Regulators and law enforcement agencies must adapt to monitor and regulate cryptocurrency activities effectively.

Way Forward

Addressing these challenges requires collaboration among various stakeholders, including technology developers, policymakers, legal experts, and law enforcement agencies. Striking a balance between innovation, security, and privacy is crucial in the age of NFTs, AI, and the metaverse to ensure a safe and trustworthy digital environment.


Plutus IAS current affairs eng med 13 May 2023

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