India has a robust ecosystem in geospatial,with the survey of india ISRO, remote sensing applications centres and the national informatics centre in particular, and all ministries and department in general, using geospatial the severity of water crisis in india increases every year, central and state government agencies are using a variety of resources to tackle the water crisis. One among them is the adoption of geospatial technologies.

Overview of water sector in india : The Hindu Analysis

  • Demand-supply Mismatch -India has about 17% of the world population but only about 4% of the world’s freshwaters reserves and is currently facing a severe water challenge. Further, the total capacity of India’s reservoir stands at 250 BCM while its total water bearing capacity over the surface is around 320 BCM.
  • Low rate of collection- India receives 3000 Bcm water out of which only 8% is collected.
  • Over extraction and over reliance on groundwater- India fills groundwater aquifers at the rate of 458 bcm per year, while it extracts around 650 BCM of water from the earth.
  • Water stress – As per NITI AYOG report, currently nearly 820 million people in 12 major river basins in India face extreme water stress.
  • Qualitative issues – groundwater in 1/3rd of India’s 600 districts is contaminated mainly through arsenic and fluoride.

About Geospatial technologies : The Hindu Analysis

  • Geospatial technology is a term used to describe the range of modern tools contributing to the geographic mapping and analysis of the earth and human societies.
  • It is a collection of technology that helps to collect, analyse,store, manage and distribute, integrate and present Geographic info.
  • It consists of Remote sensing, GIS, GNSS, survey,  3D modelling.
  • It enables better measurement, management and maintenance of assets, monitoring of resources and even provides predictive and descriptive analysis  forecasting and Planned intervention.

Geospatial Technology for water sector : The Hindu Analysis

Geospatial and digital technologies like Satellite Based Remote Sensing, GPS based treatment and sensors, AI,  Big Data Analytics, 90T, 5G, Robotics and digital twin, Can be effectively used to combat the water crisis.

Major ongoing water project in India : The Hindu Analysis

  • Recognising the water crisis in India, Government of India formed a single ministry i.e Ministry of Jal Shakti previously it was dealt by almost nine Ministries.
  • Jal Jeevan Mission, DRIP, Namami Gange, The national river linking project (NRLP), AMRUT, National hydrology program, PMKSY, National aquifer mapping program, River Basin Management,  Atal Bhujal Yojana, National Water Mission.

Today Current Affairs

Way Forward

Long-term Geospatial Vision: In order to derive maximum benefit from geospatial technology implementation in various programmes, user dept need to build a long-term vision of the outcomes of geospatial implementation.

Integrated Geospatial Platform: An integrated collaborative platform to connect the data and Technology used by various organisations need to be developed for seamless access to info both locally and nationally and enable decision making.

Data & System Integration: Various data sets including demography, social-cultural, economic and other parameters need to be integrated with spatial and non spatial data related to water like soil, moisture, annual rainfall, rivers, aquifer, groundwater levels, water quality etc.


Here we mention all information about GEO-SPATIAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE WATER SECTOR IN INDIA  Today Current Affairs.

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