Looking ahead after the Ladakh walk back

Looking ahead after the Ladakh walk back

India and China border Issues:

  • three sites of contention on the Ladakh border -> Depsang, Gogra-Hot Springs and Demchok.
  • north bank of Pangong lake-> Most of chinese transgressions on the LAC between 2014 and 2019
    • It has a very limited strategic importance but popular tourist spot

Considering indian withdrawal from LAC

  • in the whole LAC in Ladakh
  •  Questions arise about the wisdom of giving up the only leverage India had at the north bank.

strategic importance of the Depsang plains

  • Near to Karakoram Pass
  • It enhancesIndian control over the Siachen glacier.

During this Disengagement:

  • India and China agreed to create a ‘no patrol’ zone or buffer zone as a solution to the tensions on the LAC. 
  • Before the buffer zone -> at the north bank of Pangong, a similar buffer zone was created in Galwan in July 2020->where India lost 20 soldiers in a deadly clash.
  • That buffer zone is good till date, even though it denies India access to the areas up to PP14 which was patrolled by India earlier. 
    • But the issue is these buffer zones would lie majorly on the Indian side of the LAC, thus converting a hitherto Indian-controlled territory into a neutral zone.

Source- The Hindu

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