05 Jun Merapi volcano erupts
GS PAPER-1, DISATER MANAGEMENT
As per Geological Disaster Technology Research and Development Centre, Indonesia’s Merapi volcano erupted four times with lava spreading to 1,500 metres from crater.
Most Active Volcano
Merapi is considered as Indonesia’s most active volcano. It erupted four times and experienced 43 avalanche earthquakes. Mountain was belching thick white smokes as high as 50 meters above the mountain’s peak.
In Indonesian and Javanese language, Merapi means fire mountain. It is an active stratovolcano located on border of Central Java and Yogyakarta in Indonesia. The most active volcano, has erupted regularly since 1548. It is located near Yogyakarta city with population of 2.4 million. Several people live in villages on flanks of volcano as high as 1,700 metres which result into fatalities. It has been designated as one of Decade Volcanoes.
This province of Indonesia is located in middle of Java Island. Its administrative capital is Semarang. It is surrounded by West Java, Indian Ocean, Special Region of Yogyakarta, East Java and Java Sea. It is the third-most populous province in Java as well as in Indonesia after West Java and East Java.
Special Region of Yogyakarta
It is a provincial-level autonomous region of Indonesia in south Java. It is bordered by Indian Ocean and share border with Central Java. Province is ruled by Yogyakarta Sultanate. Thus, it is an officially recognized monarchy within government of Indonesia. It a popular tourist destination and cultural centre.