The Puppet Art : An Effort to Protect this dying art (GS Paper I : Art and Culture )

Context 

In the thousands years of the history of Puppet art , the first time leather puppets were performed . By using computer technology the epic Ramayana was displayed . Sajeesh Pulava was the person who used technology to perform this puppet art 

The Puppet art of Puppetry

Puppetry Puppet art  is a form of theatre or performing art in which puppets are substitutes with humans . Through Puppets all the performance is done. Generally animal and human both may be puppet figures.  These puppets are animated or manipulated by a human called a puppeteer.In modern days , we can equate this puppetry art with animated cartoons .  

 Puppets can interact  directly with the public , act as storytellers, represent a character from a play text, comment on the themes of a play, or contribute to the mood and atmosphere of a performance. 

History of the Puppetry

It is one of the oldest of the world and generally it has been considered that Puppetry is a form of theatre which had evolved  in the 5th century BC in Ancient Greece. Even though people knew sculpture making techniques , so many archaeologists tried to prove that this pupperaty art was as old as 3000 years BC. There are many forms of Puppetry but all of them consist of the process of animating inanimate performing objects to express its expressions for narrating any story .   

TYPES OF PUPPETS AND THEIR USES

  • Hand (or different parts of the body) 

  •  Rod (or sticks) ·

  • String (or marionettes) 

  • Hand puppets are those puppets which can be operated or manipulated by the puppeteer’s hand or hands. This can be said as glove puppet also 

  • Mouth puppets are similar to  hand puppets . Since the puppeteer’s hand is used to operate the mouth and head both simultaneously for the expressions.  They are so called because their most distinctive characteristic is a moving mouth. 

  • Rod puppets are held and moved by rods or sticks made of wood or wire, which are attached above, below,  or behind the puppet.

  • Shadow puppets are flat cut out figures held by any number of rods or wires against a translucent (semitransparent) screen which is illuminated from behind.

  • String puppetry (also called “marionettes”, the French word for puppet) refers to puppets operated by strings. The puppet is suspended on strings, cotton or nylon cord from a control bar held by the puppeteer. 

Regions of the Puppetry Art 

This art is generally popular in the regions of Rajasthan, Orissa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu

Puppetry art and Their regions 

  • Kathputli, Rajasthan 

  •  Kundhei, Odisha

  • Gombeyatta, Karnataka

  • Bommalattam, Tamil Nadu

  • Shadow Puppets

  • Togalu Gombeyatta , Karnataka 

  • Tholu Bommalata, Andhra Pradesh

  • Ravana Chhaya, Orissa

  • Rod Puppets

  • Putul Nautch, West Bengal

  • Yampuri, Bihar

  • Pavakoothu, Kerala

 Artist related to Puppetry art 

  • Suresh Dutta

  • Ranganath Rao

  • Dadi Pudumjee

  • Ramdas Pandhye

Nowadays Puppetry art is facing the problem of its audiences . audiences are losing their interest . as per the changing technology , in puppetry art we should use technology to animate it as per the requirement . this art is our cultural heritage so government also come forward to protect and to promote this art 

By Dr Anshul Bajpai 

22nd september 2021 current Affairs Download

Swarn Singh

Plutus IAS Current Affair Team Member

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