Samudrayaan Mission

Samudrayaan Mission

What is Samudrayaan Mission? The Aim of the Mission

The talks about how the Samudrayaan Mission affects Indian Science and Technology.

Relevance for prelims: Quick facts about prelims, Government policies and interventions

Relevance for mains: GS-3, . 

In News: The Samudrayaan Mission is anticipated to be realized by the year 2026, according to the Ministry of Earth Science.                       

About Samudrayaan Mission

  • In order to explore deep-sea resources including minerals, the project will send three people in a vehicle named the “MATSYA 6000” to a depth of 6000 metres.
  • The National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), Chennai, a division of the Ministry of Earth Sciences, is creating the “MATSYA 6000” vehicle.
  • It can last 12 hours in regular operation and 96 hours in an emergency to protect people.
  • The Rs 6000-crore Deep Ocean Voyage includes this first-of-its-kind manned ocean mission for India.
  • The creation of Ti Alloy Personnel Spheres, Human Support and Safety Systems in Enclosed Space, Low-Density Buoyancy Modules, Ballast and Trim systems, and Low-Density Buoyancy Modules are a few of the essential parts of manned submersibles.
  • Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), IITM, and the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) will all take a significant part in this project.
  • India will join an exclusive group of countries that include the US, Russia, Japan, France, and China in having specialized equipment and vehicles for subsea operations.
  • Cost: The Deep Ocean Mission (DOM) has a five-year, $4,077 crore total budget approved by the Centre.
Samudrayaan Mission

Samudrayaan Mission

Significance Of Samudrayaan mission

  • There are nine coastal states and 1,382 islands along India’s 7517 kilometres of coastline, which is in a unique marine position.
  • With the oceans on three of its sides and around 30% of the people living along the shore, the coastal regions are important for India’s economy.
  • The manned submersible will enable research experts to directly examine and comprehend uncharted deep-sea regions.
  • It will also strengthen the central government’s plan for a “New India,” which includes the blue economy as one of the top ten growth drivers.
  • It promotes aquaculture, tourism, subsistence, and blue trade.

Deep ocean Mission (DOM)

  • The Ministry of Earth Sciences approved it in June 2021. Its objectives include resource exploration in the deep ocean, deep-sea technology development for ocean resource exploitation that is sustainable, and assistance for the Indian government’s Blue Economy Initiatives.
  • The Mission will be carried out over a five-year period at an estimated cost of Rs. 4,077 crores, and it will be done in stages.
  • DOM is a mission-mode project that supports the Indian government’s initiatives for the blue economy.
  • Earlier, the draught Blue Economy Policy had also been released by the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  • The sustainable use of ocean resources is known as the “blue economy,” and it aims to enhance livelihoods, create more jobs, and maintain the health of the ocean’s environment.

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