Though the Indian Constitution provides strong principles of federalism in India and it is also one of the basic structures declared by the Supreme Court, but it is equally important to note that the Indian Constitution tilts more towards a strong center, a feature that hinders the evolution of strong federalism in India. Discuss.

DWQA QuestionsCategory: QuestionsThough the Indian Constitution provides strong principles of federalism in India and it is also one of the basic structures declared by the Supreme Court, but it is equally important to note that the Indian Constitution tilts more towards a strong center, a feature that hinders the evolution of strong federalism in India. Discuss.
sunil tiwary Staff asked 6 days ago

Viewpoints:

Explain provisions of the Indian Constitution that anticipates federalism

Discuss provisions that denote unitary features in the Indian Constitution

Demonstrate why it is more tilted towards the Centre

1 Answers
sunil tiwary Staff answered 6 days ago

The Indian Constitution is a living and contested document.

Indian Constitution provides a strong principle of federalism, namely, a written constitution that fosters three layers of government, power separation between local, state, and the Centre, the supremacy of the Constitution, independent judiciary, and bicameralism. These provisions anticipate strong federalism.

On the other hand, there are many provisions, namely, single citizenship, residuary power, the flexibility of the constitution, all India-Services, the appointment of Governor, and emergency provisions that provide immense power to the Centre. These are the features that hinder strong federalism in India.

Partition compelled the makers of the Constitution to establish a strong Centre so that further secessionist tendencies can be mitigated. In addition, Indian federalism is not ‘coming together’ like the USA, it is a ‘sharing together’ kind of federalism.

It is federal in form and unitary in spirit. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar rightly described that Indian federalism is unitary as well as federal as per the requirement of the time and circumstances.

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