07 Jul Climate Index by NITI Aayog
Climate Index by NITI Aayog – Today Current Affairs
What’s the problem?
The weights assigned to the index’s six parameters need to be changed because they have tipped the rankings of the States.
Today Current Affairs
Objective: Niti Aayog publishes the State Energy and Climate Index (SECI) to promote healthy competition among states on several energy and climate sector fronts.
27 key performance indicators are used to evaluate the state’s performance, and they are grouped under 6 general criteria.
- Discom functionality
- Availability, cost, and dependability
- clean energy programmes
- usage of less energy
- environmental protection
- new endeavours
Ranking: Based on the composite SECI Round I score, the States and UTs are divided into three groups: Front Runners, Achievers, and Aspirants. SECI (Round I) ranks the States’ performance on these categories.
The average of the State-wise scores for each parameter’s corresponding country-level scores is determined.India received a total score of 40.6.
Larger states Gujarat, Kerala, and Punjab perform the best, while Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh perform the worst. The Hindu Analysis
Goa, Tripura, and Manipur, three smaller states, perform best, while Meghalaya, Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh, three larger states, perform worst.
The top performing Union Territories are Chandigarh, Delhi, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu, whereas the bottom three are Andaman and Nicobar, Jammu and Kashmir, and Lakshadweep.
What gaps exist in the index? The Hindu Analysis
SECI’s current design and key principles are at odds with one another. When compared to the other efforts made by States and UTs, Discoms performance is given a disproportionately high weight (40 percent) among the many parameters.
Gujarat thus tops the list of big States in SECI Round I for overall score, yet it does not even rank in the top six for four of the six characteristics.
It is essential that the index’s design is driven by an objective logic rather than by subjective or unrelated factors. The Hindu Analysis
Rethinking and revising the weights—In order to overhaul the current energy value chain, it is urgently necessary to reevaluate and update the weights given to other factors.
The introduction of smart meters is the answer to cutting AT&C losses and improving the targeting of DBT programmes to cut Discoms’ deadweight losses.
Current best practices for energy management- States have moved quickly toward these cutting-edge Clean Power Purchase Agreements, showing no inertia (PPAs).
Indicators like the State’s development of a battery ecosystem and progress in implementing clean PPAs can encourage States to adopt them and provide policy clarity. The Hindu Analysis
Non-progressive nature: SECI is not fair to the States’ genuine efforts to reach the net-zero emissions objective and therefore not progressive.
About 38% of India’s total annual primary energy demand is used by the building sector, however states that are leading the way in implementing the Energy Conservation and Building Code 2017 do not even appear in the top 10 of the SECI list. The Hindu Analysis
Without taking “Just Transition” into account, SECI rankings show that States with a large coal industry perform the worst, but worldwide experience demonstrates that Just Transition policies require extensive preparation, execution, and involvement.