27 Jan Cyber Physical System, National Mission On Interdisciplinary Cyber Physical System (NM-ICPS) & Solutions in key sectors
Cyber Physical System, National Mission On Interdisciplinary Cyber Physical System (NM-ICPS) & Solutions in key sectors- Today Current Affairs
Context: New and emerging technologies are powering national initiatives in key areas with the help of solutions for people-centric problems being developed at the 25 innovation hubs across the country through the National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS).
News: Recently ARTPARK at IISc Bangalore developed an AI-driven platform that helped Chest X-ray interpretation of images sent over WhatsApp brought early intervention through rapid screening of COVID 19, aiding doctors who have no access to X-ray machines. A team of scientists from IIT Bombay has developed a tapestry method for screening COVID-19 under Remedial Action, Knowledge Skimming, and Holistic Analysis of COVID-19 (RAKSHAK), an effort supported by the Technology Innovation Hub (TIH) at IIT Jodhpur.
AmbiTag, the first-of-its-kind Internet of Things (IoT) device that monitors ambient temperature during the transportation of vaccines, including Covid-19, medicines, blood samples, food and dairy products, meat products, and animal semen, has been developed by researchers at the IIT Ropar Technology Innovation Hub – AWaDH and its startup ScratchNest.
What is cyber physical system : Cyber physical system is an intelligent computer system in which a mechanism is controlled or monitored by Computer Based algorithms, in which physical and software components are deeply intertwined. In simple words, a Cyber physical system is all about Controlling physical movement of anything, anywhere in the world through the internet, from anywhere in the world. The Hindu Analysis.
The Rapid Global rise of the Cyber physical system is one of the most important areas to be addressed urgently.
This is because of the fact that it poses unprecedented challenges from security to privacy, from spreading misinformation to downsizing the open thinking, from stressing the mental health to narrowing down the perception. At the same time it offers huge opportunities if we engage our resources in research,training and skill in robotics, digital manufacturing, deep learning, big data analysis, artificial Intelligence and the internet of things.
The sectors like agriculture, water, energy, health, environment, infrastructure, security, combating crimes, Financial system, Geo information system etc are in huge need of these technologies, as they are facing unprecedented challenges in the context of a rapidly changing world.
The government statement under Vigyan 2030 states that the cyber physical system should be taken up as a national mission as it can adjust the threat of jobs security and strategic requirements that the new industrial revolution poses.
The National Mission On Interdisciplinary Cyber Physical System (NM-ICPS) is the mission of the Government of India through which new and emerging technologies are being developed at 25 Technology Innovation Hubs across the country. These Technologies will be developed as solutions to two people centric problems. The Hindu Analysis.
The aim of the mission is to create a strong foundation and seamless ecosystem for Cyber physical system Technologies, By integrating and coordinating the nationwide efforts of private and government sectors.
It was approved in 2018 and it is being implemented by the Department of Science and Technology.
The goal of the mission is to make India a leading player in CPS technologies. Other goals are like, to achieve societal and commercial use of CPS technologies, employment generation, nurture startups and produce next generation technocrats.
The four major dimensions of National Mission On Interdisciplinary Cyber Physical System (NM-ICPS) are 1. Technology Development; 2. Innovation, Entrepreneur & Startup Ecosystem; 3. Human Resources and Skill Development; and 4. International Collaborations.
The National Mission On Interdisciplinary Cyber Physical System (NM-ICPS) is expected to act as engine of growth and its success can hugely benefit other national initiatives in education, health, agriculture, environment, strategic cum security, and industrial sectors, Industry 4.0, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and SMART Cities etc.
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Md Layeeque Azam, Economics Faculty