17 May E-Governance
GS PAPER-3 , ECONOMY
E-Governance is the application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to the processes of government functioning in order to bring about ‘Simple, Moral, Accountable, Responsive and Transparent’ (SMART) governance.
Following are the applications of e-governance which illustrate economic inclusiveness in bringing social transformation in Indian society:
- Digitization of land records via Bhoomi Rashi portal.
- Geographic Information Systems (GIS) has helped improve productivity, and empowered farmers by using sustainable, economical and eco-friendly technology.
- PMGDISHA (Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan) to make atleast one person per family digitally literate.
- Aadhaar Enabled Payment System (AEPS) facilitates banking services and digital payment.
- Digital payment: Many innovative digital payment tools, namely BHIM-UPI, Bharat QR Code, National Electronic Toll Collections, etc, have been implemented.
- Digitization of EPFO records: access to view one’s pension amounts and deposits, people feel more assured that their funds are safe and can monitor their fund status.
- National Scholarship Portal as a single online platform integrating multiple scholarship schemes to facilitate application submission, verification and disbursal of funds through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT).
- SWAYAM – a massive online open courses (MOOCs) platform which offers more than 2000 programmes.
- MyGov portal facilitates participatory governance by providing a common digital platform, where citizens can share their views on government programmes and schemes.
The Digital India programme helped India harness digital technologies to bring about a positive change towards good governance. The aim of any e-Governance initiative should be to ensure citizen participation and empowerment with the technology that is transformative, affordable and sustainable. Thus, digital empowerment is necessary to achieve the motto of ‘Maximum Governance, Minimum Government’.