19 Aug Hindi Mains Syllabus
Hindi Mains Syllabus
- Paper I
History of Hindi Language & Devnagri Lipi
Grammatical and applied forms of Apbhransh, Awahatta & Arambhik Hindi.
Development of Braj and Awadhi as literary language during medieval period.
Early forms of Khari-boli in Siddha-Nath Sahitya, Khusero, Sant Sahitya, Rahim etc. and Dakhni Hindi.
Development of Khari-boli and Nagari Lipi during the 19th Century.
Standardisation of Hindi Bhasha & Nagari Lipi.
Development of Hindi as a national Language during freedom movement.
The development of Hindi as a National Language of Union of India.
Scientific & Technical development of Hindi Language.
Prominent dialects of Hindi and their inter relationship.
Salient features of Nagari Lipi and the efforts for its reform & Standard form of Hindi. Grammatical structure of Standard Hindi.
2.History of Hindi Literature.
1.The relevance and importance of Hindi literature and tradition of writing History of Hindi Literature.
1.Literary trends of the following four periods of history of Hindi Literature.
A : Adikal-Sidh, Nath and Raso Sahitya. Prominent poets-Chandravardai, Khusro, Hemchandra, Vidyapati.
B : Bhaktikal-Sant Kavyadhara, Sufi Kavyadhara, Krishna Bhaktidhara and Ram Bhaktidhara. Prominent Poets-Kabir, Jayasi, Sur & Tulsi.
C: Ritikal-Ritikavya, Ritibaddhakavya & Riti Mukta Kavya. Prominent Poets-Keshav, Bihari, Padmakar and Ghananand.
D : Adhunik Kal
1.Renaissance, the development of Prose, Bharatendu Mandal.
1..Prominent Writers: Bharatendu, Bal Krishna Bhatt & Pratap Narain Mishra. 1.Prominent trends of modern Hindi Poetry: Chhayavad, Pragativad, Proyogvad, Nai Kavita,
Navgeet and Contemporary poetry and Janvadi Kavita. Prominent Poets: Maithili Sharan Gupta, Prasad, Nirala, Mahadevi, Dinkar, Agyeya, Muktibodh, Nagarjun.
III. Katha Sahitya
1.Upanyas & Realism
1.The origin and development of Hindi Novels.
1.Prominent Novelists: Premchand, Jainendra, Yashpal, Renu, and Bhism Sahani.
1.The origin and development of Hindi short story.
1.Prominent short Story Writers: Premchand, Prasad, Agyeya, Mohan Rakesh & Krishna Shabti.
1.Drama & Theatre
1.The origin & Development of Hindi Drama.
1.Prominent Dramatists: Bharatendu, Prasad, Jagdish Chandra Mathur, Ram Kumar Verma, Mohan Rakesh.
1.The development of the Hindi Theatre.
A: The origin and development of Hindi criticism: Saiddhantik, Vyavharik, Pragativadi, Manovishleshanvadi & Nai Alochana
B : Prominent critics : Ramchandra Shukla, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma & Nagendra.
1.The other forms of Hindi prose-Lalit Nibandh, Rekhachitra, Sansmaran, Yatra-vrittant.
1.Kabir : Kabir Granthawali, Ed, Shyam Sundar Das (First hundred Sakhis.)
2.Surdas : Bhramar Geet Sar, Ed. Ramchandra Shukla (First hundred Padas)
3.Tulsidas : Ramchrit Manas (Sundar Kand) Kavitawali (Uttar Kand).
4.Jayasi : Padmawat Ed. Shyam Sundar Das (Sinhal Dwip Khand & Nagmativiyog Khand)
5.Bihari : Bihari Ratnakar Ed. Jagannath Prasad Ratnakar (First 100 Dohas)
6.Maithili Sharan Gupta : Bharat Bharati
7.Prasad : Kamayani (Chinta and Shraddha Sarg)
8.Nirala : Rag-Virag, Ed. Ram Vilas Sharma (Ram Ki Shakti Puja & Kukurmutta).
9.Dinkar : Kurushetra
10.Agyeya : Aangan Ke Paar Dwar (Asadhya Vina)
11.Muktiboth : Brahma Rakshas
12.Nagarjun : Badal Ko Ghirte Dekha Hai, Akal Ke Bad, Harijan Gatha.
1.Bharatendu : Bharat Durdasha
2.Mohan Rakesh : Ashad Ka Ek Din
3.Ramchandra Shukla : Chintamani (Part I) (Kavita Kya Hai] Shraddha Aur Bhakti)
4.Dr. Satyendra : Nibandh Nilaya-Bal Krishna Bhatt, Premchand, Gulab Rai, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma, Agyeya, Kuber Nath Rai.
5.Premchand : Godan, Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai, Manjusha – Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai
6.Prasad : Skandagupta
7.Yashpal : Divya
8.Phaniswar Nath Renu : Maila Anchal
9.Mannu Bhandari : Mahabhoj
10.Rajendra Yadav : Ek Duniya Samanantar (All Stories)