INS VIKRANT : ” A step towards India’s Atmanirbharta in Defence”

INS VIKRANT : ” A step towards India’s Atmanirbharta in Defence”

                                                                          INS VIKRANT 

Why in News?

Recently PM Modi commissioned India’s first Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC), INS Vikrant (IAC-1), which is a part of Atma Nirbhar Bharat

About the INS Vikrant

  • INS Vikrant (IAC-I) is the first aircraft carrier to be built in India and the first Vikrant-class aircraft carrier built for the Indian Navy.
  •  The motto of the ship is “Jayema Sam Yudhi Sprdhah” which is taken from Rig Veda and can be  translated as “I defeat those who fight against me”.
  • Specifications
    • There are 14 decks in all, including five in the superstructure. The carrier is 262 m long, 62 m at the widest part and with a depth of 30 m minus the superstructure. 
    • The deck is designed to enable aircraft such as the MiG-29K to operate from the carrier.
    •  It can carry an air group of up to thirty aircraft, which will include up to 24–26 fixed-wing combat aircraft, primarily the MiG-29K .
    • Vikrant is powered by four General Electric LM2500+gas turbines on two shafts, generating over 80 megawatts (110,000 hp) of power.
    • Once Vikrant is having sport a gender-sensitive living environment and infrastructure, with provision to accommodate eight women officers. The ship will then accommodate 1,645 personnel in all, including 196 officers.
  • It will join INS Vikramaditya , contracted from Russia under a $2.3-billion deal and inducted into service in November 2013..
  • The first Vikrant displaced 20,000 tonnes and operated a mix of Westland Sea Kings, HAL Chetak and Sea Harrier jets. Viraat displaced 28,500 tonnes andVikramaditya displaces 45,400 tonnes. The new Vikrant will displace 40,000 tonnes.

 

Significance:

GEOSTRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE

  • It would offer an incomparable military instrument with its ability to project air power over long distances, offensive and defensive counter-air, including air interdiction, anti-surface warfare, airborne anti-submarine warfare and airborne early warning.
  • The combat capability, reach and versatility of the aircraft carrier will add formidable capabilities in the defence in the country and help secure India’s interests in the maritime domain.

GEO POLITICAL SIGNIFICANCE

  • It would ensure India’s application of SAGAR Doctrine in India’s neighborhood i.e. SECURITY AND GROWTH FOR ALL IN THE REGION.
  • It would also ensure India’s transformation from the Brown Water Navy to Blue Water Navy.
  • It would also showcase India’s seriousness for Neighborhood First Policy.
  • It would enhance India’s presence in the Indo Pacific region.

GEO ECONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE:

  • It would ensure India’s Atma Nirbharta in Defence.
  • It would also be step forward in reducing Current Account Deficit which is caused due to India’s enhanced imports of Defense Equipment’s.

 

India’s road to the “self reliance in defence ” is long , but the projects such as INS VIKRANT, Tejas can be a step forward in this direction.

Plutus IAS current affairs eng med 8th Sep 2022

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