11 Nov KERALA GOVT. AWARDING Education TO MUSLIMS JUSTIFIED? (GS PAPER-II, III)
CONTEXT: On October 29, the Supreme Court issued notice on an appeal of the Kerala government against a High Court order directing it to award the scholarships by the proportion of minorities in the overall population of the State.
IDEA BEHIND THIS GOVT. MOVE-
Those who can get the benefits with some support should catch up with those who are ahead.
To enable those who are worse off to come at par with others.
DEVELOPMENTS SO FAR-
In 2015, the Kerala Government passed an administrative order that nonage communities will be authorised for literacy.
Out of the total literacy-
80 will be distributed among Muslim scholars
20 to Latin Catholics and converted Christians
In Justine Pallivathukkal v. State of Kerala (2021), the Kerala High Court set aside this order holding that all minorities must be treated alike.
Ruling that the only relevant criterion is the minority groups’ share of the population.
STAND OF KERALA GOVT. –
That its policy was grounded on the disadvantages that are being faced by Muslims as per-
Sachar Committee report
Kerala Padana report
That Muslims were far behind than the Christians, Dalits and Adivasis in-
Besides, studies on discrimination in labour and housing markets reveal that Muslims experience substantial levels of discrimination when applying for jobs or housing, often even more than Dalits.
HOW THE POLICY OF KERALA GOVT. IS JUSTIFIED?
The ideal of the Govt. is-
To grease scholars from these communities to study, and reduce the inequalities between different communities.
Relating the most underprivileged groups and addressing their concern is what the Kerala Government is doing.
The different kinds of backwardness of a community must be considered while the awarding of the education schemes is made.
Thus, reserving a advanced proportion of literacy for Muslims is justified.
InB.K. Pavitrav. Union of India (2019)-the Supreme Court correctly noted “ For equivalency to be truly effective or substantial, the principle must honor being inequalities in society to overcome them.”
It’ll determine how representation is understood in the law on reservations.
One of Ambedkar’s view was that the estate system is a form of canted inequality. Indeed when we identify underprivileged gentries or communities, we need to remember the forms of inequality and scale among them.
Plutus IAS Current Affairs Team Member