27 Aug LUMPY SKIN DISEASE
LUMPY SKIN DISEASE
There has been a recent spread of the infectious Lumpy Skin Disease among the cattle which is spreading to wider areas with several regions getting affected by it. It has already taken the lives of around 5000 cattle in the last month.
WHAT IS LUMPY SKIN DISEASE?
- Lumpy Skin disease is a viral disease of domestic cattle, water buffalo, and certain wild ruminants.
- Incubation of the LSD period is around 28 days but experimentally affected cattle may develop clinical signs in 6 to 9 days.
- It heavily impacts animal health and welfare and can lead to severe economic losses to the farmers in affected farms.
WHAT COULD BE THE SOURCES OF TRANSMISSION
- This disease is primarily spread between animals by biting insects (vectors) such as biting flies and mosquitoes.
SYMPTOMS OF THIS DISEASE
- The animal stops eating and faces several problems while eating or chewing which results in reduced milk production.
- It primarily consists of fever, fluid excretion from the eyes and nose, dribbling of saliva from the mouth, and blisters on the body.
CAUSES OF THIS DISEASE
- LSD is caused by infection of the water buffalo or cattle with the poxvirus Lumpy Skin Disease Virus (LSDV).
- This disease was first seen as an epidemic in Zambia in 1929.
- According to the FAO, the mortality rate is less than 10%.
WHAT ARE THE PREVENTIVE AND TREATMENT MEASURES
- Vaccination of the Disease is covered under India’s Livestock Health and Disease Control Programme.
- Vaccination could be done through indigenous vaccines like Lumpi-ProVaxInd.
- Anti-inflammatory painkillers can also be used in order to keep the appetite of the affected animal high.
- The supportive care of the cattle is needed because there are no anti-viral drugs which are available.
- This can include the treatment of skin lesions using wound care sprays and the use of antibiotics to prevent secondary skin infections and pneumonia.
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