27 Aug LUMPY SKIN DISEASE
WHY IN THE NEWS?
There has been a recent spread of the infectious Lumpy Skin Disease among the cattle which is spreading to a more wider areas with several regions getting affected by it. It has already taken the lives of around 5000 cattle’s in the last one month.
What is Lumpy Skin Disease?
- Lumpy Skin disease is a viral disease of domestic cattle, water buffalo and certain wild ruminants.
- Incubation of LSD period is around 28 days but experimentally affected cattle may develop clinical signs in 6 to 9 days.
- It heavily impacts animal health and welfare and can lead to severe economic losses to the farmers in affected farms.
WHAT COULD BE THE SOURCES OF TRANSMISSION
- Lumpy skin disease is primarily spread between animals by biting insects (vectors) such as biting flies and mosquitoes.
SYMPTOMS OF LUMPY SKIN DISEASE
- The animal stops eating and faces several problems while eating or chewing which results in reduced milk production.
- It primarily consists of fever, fluid excretion from eyes and nose, dribbling of saliva from the mouth and blisters on the body.
CAUSES OF LUMPY SKIN DISEASE:
- LSD is caused by infection of the water buffalo or cattle with the poxvirus Lumpy Skin Disease Virus (LSDV).
- Lumpy skin disease was first seen as an epidemic in Zambia in 1929.
- According to the FAO the mortality rate is less than 10%.
- Vaccination of the Lumpy Skin Disease is covered under the Livestock Health and Disease Control Programme of India.
- Vaccination could be done through the indegenious vaccines like Lumpi-ProVaxInd.
- Anti-inflammatory painkillers can also be used in order to keep the apatite of the affected animal high.
- The supportive care of the cattle is needed because the their are no anti viral drugs which are available.
- This can include treatment of skin lesions using wound care sprays and the use of antibiotics to prevent secondary skin infections and pneumonia..