Mughal Architecture

Mughal Architecture



SOURCE- The Hindu


  • The Archaeological Survey of India has recently notified that all centrally protected monuments, sites, and museums across the country including the Humayun’s Tomb will reopen for visitors from mid of June.
  • Humayun’s tomb in Delhi is known for its fine specimen of the great Mughal architecture.ASI, working under the Ministry of Culture, is the premier organization for the archaeological research and protection of the cultural heritage of India.


About Humayun’s Tomb:

  • This tomb was built in 1570, having cultural significance as it was the first garden tomb on the Indian subcontinent.
  • It has inspired several major architectural innovations, culminating in the construction of the white marble building Taj Mahal.
  • It was built under the patronage of Humayun’s son, the great Emperor Akbar.
  • It is also known as the ‘dormitory of the Mughals’ as in the cells are buried over 150 Mughal family members.
  • It is an example of the Charbagh (a four-quadrant garden with the four rivers of Quranic paradise represented), with pools joined by channels.
  • UNESCO recognized it as a World Heritage site in 1993.

About Mughal Architecture:

    • This building style flourished in northern and central India under the patronage of the great Mughal emperors.
    • The Mughal period symbolized a striking revival of Islamic architecture in northern India under the patronage of the Mughal emperors, Persian, Indian, and various provincial styles were amalgamated to produce works of unusual quality and refinement.
    • It got expanded especially in north India that these can be seen further in the colonial architecture of Indo-Saracenic style.

Key Features:

  • Mixed Architecture: It was an amalgamation of Indian, Persian, and Turkish architectural styles.
  • Diversity: Different types of buildings were made such as majestic gates (entrances), forts, mausoleums, palaces, mosques, sarais, tombs, etc.
  • Building material: Mostly, red sandstone and white marble were used in their building.
  • Specialty: Specific features such as the Charbagh style of the mausoleums, pronounced bulbous domes, pietra- dura, slender turrets at the corners, broad gateways, beautiful calligraphy, arabesque, and geometric patterns on pillars and walls, and palace halls supported on pillars can be seen.

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