25 Feb Non Alignment Movement (NAM)
( General Studies Paper 2- Institutions and soft diplomatic policy
After the freedom from imperialism, India has realized what sacrifices a country has given to gain the freedom to secure its sovereignty. At that time the world was divided into two blocs who are the representatives of two different ideologies i.e Liberalism and Socialism but it was challenging for the newly decolonized country to join any of the blocks. Non Alignment as a movement began in 1961 at Belgrade and it was created as a group of states which are neither aligned nor against any major power or bloc.
The idea of NAM was propounded by the then Indian Prime Minister Pdt. Nehru, he has given five pillars to guide the members of the NAM and which is based on rational, democratic, equitable, non- exploitative nature.
The idea of NAM
- Mutual respect for each other’s sovereignty
- Mutual non aggression
- Mutual non interference in domestic policies
- Equality and mutual benefit
- Peaceful coexistence
These Principles are the root of India’s foreign policy which India has followed since independence. Even after Chinese aggression to India, we respected their territorial sovereignty. Today the whole of the world is recognizing India as a peace loving nation.
Nowadays there is a debate emerging in the country about the relevance of NAM. The World is moving towards Multipolarity, therefore some scholars argued that the end of bi-polar world can be considered as an accomplishment of the mission of NAM.
However it should also be noted that the NAM is representing 55% of world population and two third of UN members therefore this phase is not redundant but rejuvenation for NAM
In Indian concern NAM is an idea that has evolved rather fading away. NAM has served the world with its peaceful principles which is leading towards harmony and establishing the idea of India i.e Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam. This is the time that NAM needs revival not redundancy because the world needs peace and India can lead the world towards the peace which is the base of Indian socio- domestic policy.