Ramsar Convention on Wetlands

Ramsar Convention on Wetlands

TOPIC IN NEWS :- India adds five more Ramsar sites (THE HINDU)

Other Important Points

  • New ramsar site :- 3 from Tamil Nadu, 1 each is in Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram.
  • Now in India total there are 54 Ramsar sites, or wetlands of international importance.
  • New ramsar sites are Karikili Bird Sanctuary, Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest and Pichavaram Mangrove in Tamil Nadu, the Sakhya Sagar in Madhya Pradesh and the Pala Wetlands in Mizoram.
  • Total Ramsar wetlands in India are spread over 11,000 sq.km — around 10% of the total wetland area in the country — across 18 States.
  • After designating a particular site as Ramsar site does not necessarily invite extra international funds, but the Centre & States government must ensure that these tracts of land are conserved and spared from encroachment.
  • Acquiring this label also helps to boost the locale’s tourism potential and its international visibility.
  • National Wetland Inventory and Assessment compiled by the ISRO estimates India’s wetlands to span around 1,52,600 square kilometers.

Ramsar Convention on Wetlands

  • It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands. It is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of Ramsar sites (wetlands).
  • It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran, where the convention was signed in 1971 and came into force in 1975.
  • World Wetlands Day :- 2nd February.
  • Presently 171 countries are the parties of ramsar convention. India is also a party, signed it on 1st February 1982.
  • Any wetland site which has been listed under the Ramsar Convention that aims to conserve it and promote sustainable use of its natural resources is called a Ramsar Site.
  • The Ramsar Convention works closely with six other organisations known as international organization partners (IOPs). These are: BirdLife International, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Wetlands International, WWF International, Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust (WWT). These organizations also support the work of the convention by providing expert technical advice, helping implement field studies, and providing financial support.
  • The United Kingdom has the most number of Ramsar sites with 175. The country with the greatest area of listed wetlands is Bolivia, (148,000 square kilometers).


Ramsar site criteria

A wetland can be considered internationally important if any of the following nine criteria apply:

  • It contains a representative, rare, or unique example of a natural or near-natural wetland type found within the appropriate biogeographic region.
  • It supports vulnerable, endangered, or critically endangered species or threatened ecological communities.
  • It supports populations of plant and/or animal species important for maintaining the biological diversity of a particular biogeographic region.
  • It supports plant and/or animal species at a critical stage in their life cycles, or provides refuge during adverse conditions.
  • It regularly supports 20,000 or more waterbirds.
  • It regularly supports 1% of the individuals in a population of one species or subspecies of waterbird.”
  • It supports a significant proportion of indigenous fish subspecies, species or families, life-history stages, species interactions and/or populations that are representative of wetland benefits and/or values and thereby contributes to global biological diversity.”
  • It is an important source of food for fishes, spawning ground, nursery and/or migration path on which fish stocks, either within the wetland or elsewhere, depend.”
  • It regularly supports 1% of the individuals in a population of one species or subspecies of wetland-dependent non-avian animal species.”

Source :- Ramsar.org

Ramsar Site in India

  • Sundarbans is the largest Ramsar Site of India
  • Chilika Lake (Orissa) and Keoladeo National Park (Rajasthan) were recognized as the first Ramsar Sites of India
  • Uttar Pradesh has the most number of Ramsar Sites in India. It has 10 Wetlands.
  • Renuka Wetland (Area – 20 ha) in Himachal Pradesh is the smallest wetland of India.

plutus ias current affairs eng med 27 july



No Comments

Post A Comment