19 Aug ROHINGYA ISSUE
Why in the news?
- Hardeep Puri , the Union minister recently claimed that Government of India will be giving the EWS flats for the Rohingya’s resettlement , till the time they are deported back to their home country i.e. Bangladesh.
- However this statement was later refuted by the Ministry Of Home Affairs.
Who are Rohingyas?
- Rohingyas are an ethnic group, mostly Muslims. They were not granted full citizenship by Myanmar.
- Rohingyas were classified as “resident foreigners or associate citizens”.
- They fled from their native country after facing severe persecution from the Army of Myanmar , who considered this as a religious war of Muslims v/s Buddhist.
- They were described by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres as “one of, if not the, most discriminated people in the world”.
What is India’s position?
- India is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention or its 1967 Protocol and does not have a national refugee protection framework.
- Because of this India is not bound to give refuge to the Rohingyas in our country.
- Threat to National Security: Because of the continuity in the illegal immigration of Rohingyas into our country and their continued stay here , it was found to be having serious national security ramifications, thus posing threat to national security.
- Human trafficking: Trafficking of females and human smuggling inside the border has become a rampant activity.
- Rising Militancy: Because of the persistent attacks against the Muslims perceived as illegal migrants have given way to radicalisation.
- Clash of Interests: It impacts the interests of local populations and giving rise to the xenophobic tendencies.
- Political Instability: It increases the political instability when leaders start mobilizing the perception of the citizens of the country against the migrants by the elites to grab political power.
- Disturbance in Law and Order: The rule of law and integrity of the country are undermined by the illegal migrants who are engaged in illegal and anti-national activities.
- Rohingya issue has become a bone of contention between India and Bangladesh.
- Indian government at times have reiterated their stand that will deport the rohingyas back to Bangladesh.
- However , India don’t have any agreement with Bangladesh regarding this.
- The population of Bangladesh has considered this as an anti Islamic stance which has enhanced the ANTI INDIA and ANTI HINDU sentiment in Bangladesh.
- India should maintain a healthy balance between the internal security and human rights requirements.
- Protecting the local population while at the same time maintaining the image of being a tolerant country is the need of the hour.
- This would be in line with India’s “Vasudhev Kutumbkam” ideology and Prime Ministers call of “ SABKA SATH, SABKA VIKAS aur SABKA VISHWAS”