Why in the news?

  • Hardeep Puri , the Union minister recently claimed that Government of India  will be giving the EWS flats for the Rohingya’s resettlement , till the time they are deported back to their home country i.e. Bangladesh.
  • However this statement was later refuted by the Ministry Of Home Affairs.


Who are Rohingyas?

  • Rohingyas are an  ethnic group, mostly Muslims. They were not granted full citizenship by Myanmar.
  • Rohingyas  were classified as “resident foreigners or associate citizens”.
  • They fled from their native country after facing severe persecution from the Army of  Myanmar , who considered this as a religious war of Muslims v/s Buddhist.
  • They were described  by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres as “one of, if not the, most discriminated people in the world”.

What is India’s position?

  • India is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention or its 1967 Protocol and does not have a national refugee protection framework.
  • Because of this India is not bound to give refuge to the Rohingyas in our country.
  • Threat to National Security: Because of the continuity in the illegal immigration of Rohingyas into our country and their continued stay here , it  was found to be having serious national security ramifications, thus posing threat to national security.
  • Human trafficking: Trafficking of females and human smuggling inside the border has become a rampant activity.
  • Rising Militancy: Because of the persistent attacks against the Muslims perceived as illegal migrants have given way to radicalisation.
  • Clash of Interests: It impacts the interests of local populations and giving rise to the xenophobic tendencies.
  • Political Instability: It  increases the political instability when leaders start mobilizing the perception of the citizens of the country against the migrants by the elites to grab political power.
  • Disturbance in Law and Order: The rule of law and integrity of the country are undermined by the illegal migrants who are engaged in illegal and anti-national activities.

Geopolitical Ramifications

  • Rohingya issue has become a bone of contention between India and Bangladesh.
  • Indian government at times have reiterated their stand that will deport the rohingyas back to Bangladesh.
  • However , India don’t have any agreement with Bangladesh regarding this.
  • The population of Bangladesh has considered this as an anti Islamic stance which has enhanced the ANTI INDIA and ANTI HINDU sentiment in Bangladesh.

Way ahead

  • India should maintain a healthy balance between the internal security and human rights requirements.
  • Protecting the local population while at the same time maintaining the image of being a tolerant country is the need of the hour.
  • This would be in line with India’s “Vasudhev Kutumbkam” ideology and Prime Ministers call of “ SABKA SATH, SABKA VIKAS aur SABKA VISHWAS”

plutus ias current affairs eng med 19th August 2022

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