Srinagar to be recognized as ‘ World Craft City ‘ in India

Srinagar to be recognized as ‘ World Craft City ‘ in India

( This article is related to the section ‘ Indian History, Art & Culture, Indian Heritage, Sculpture, Crafts ’ of UPSC Civil Services Mains General Studies Paper-1 and Folk Art, Crafts, World Crafts Council, World Crafts City, UNESCO Creative City Network ’ of UPSC Preliminary Exam. It also includes suggestions from the PLUTUS IAS Team. This article is related to Srinagar gets recognition as World Crafts City in India ’ under Daily Current Affairs’. )


Why in the News ? 



  • Srinagar was recently declared as ‘World Craft City’ by the World Craft Council (WCC). (World Craft City- WCC)’ Has been recognized as. 
  • This is the fourth Indian city to receive this recognition. 
  • Three cities of India have already been recognized as World Craft Cities. 
  • In the year 2021, Srinagar was designated as a creative city as a part of the UNESCO Creative City Network (UCCN). 
  • Craft products like paper pulp, walnut wood carvings, carpets, Sozni embroidery, pashmina and Kani shawls are made here.


What is the World Craft City (World Craft City- WCC) ? 


  • The World Craft City program has been launched with the aim of encouraging development in the field of crafts across the world. 
  • Under this programme, various cities are recognized as ‘World Craft Cities’ recognizing the contribution of craftsmen, local authorities and communities.।
  • WCC-International was established in 1964.
  • Mrs. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay of India, one of the founding members of WCC-International, attended the first WCC General Assembly. 
  • He founded the Indian Crafts Council to preserve and enhance the craft heritage of India.।
  • to any city in the world Receiving such recognition encourages the hard work and extraordinary talent of the artisans, which promotes innovation and development in the crafts and handicrafts sector. 
  • This program helps in opening up new markets for the artisans and new opportunities for the craft products made by them and they get the benefit of advanced training programs and workshops. 
  • Besides this, it also promotes the tourism sector and it attracts tourists interested in the field of cultural and craft heritage.


Significance of designating Srinagar city as a creative city in the field of crafts and folk arts : 


  • Srinagar city has been designated as a creative city in the field of crafts and folk arts. 
  • Srinagar city has become the second city in India in this category after Rajasthan city Jaipur. 
  • This nomination will not only bring global recognition to Srinagar but will also help in international funding, collaboration with craft universities and product promotion.
  • Additionally, Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir, has now become a part of the world’s 295 ‘Creative Cities Network’. 
  • Every year UNESCO invites applications from various cities of the world to include them in its ‘UCCN Project’. 
  • These applications from India are sent through the Ministry of Culture.


UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN) :


  • UNESCO’s Creative Cities Network (UCCN) was launched in 2004. 
  • It is primarily aimed at cities that recognize creativity as a key factor in their urban development. 
  • This network comes under Sustainable Development Goal-11, which relates to sustainable cities and communities.
  • The seven creative sectors under this network include crafts and folk arts, media arts, film, design, gastronomy, literature and music.


Following is the list of Indian cities included in UCCN – 



  1. Srinagar : Crafts and Folk Arts (2021)
  2. Mumbai : film (2019)
  3. Hyderabad: Gastronomy (2019)
  4. Chennai : Creative City of Music (2017)
  5. Jaipur : Crafts and Folk Arts (2015)
  6. Varanasi : Creative City of Music (2015)

These cities are important for their special creative traditions, arts, and cultural development.


Introduction and work of UNESCO : 



  • UNESCO is a special type of agency that works under the United Nations. 
  • It strives to establish peace through international cooperation in the fields of education, science, and culture. 
  • The headquarters of UNESCO is located in Paris, France.

Following are the major initiatives of UNESCO – 

  1. Man and Biosphere Programme: This program works for the protection and management of natural resources.
  2. World Heritage Programme: This program is responsible for the protection of historical, cultural, and natural sites.
  3. Global Geopark Network: This network covers special sites for the conservation and education of natural life.
  4. Creative Cities Network: The network works to safeguard the cultural and creative heritage of urban sites.
  5. Atlas of the World’s Languages ​​in Danger: This atlas provides information on endangered languages.


Major reports to be released by UNESCO : 


  • Major reports issued by UNESCO are important for enhancing, developing and sharing knowledge in various fields. 
  • These reports are an important means of increasing knowledge among all parts of the world. Some reports are issued with the aim of informing the general public, while many reports introduce experts to UNESCO’s specialist knowledge of areas. 
  • These diverse publications and co-edits, translated into more than 70 languages, serve the purpose of driving positive change in the world.
  • UNESCO’s major world reports are on a variety of topics, such as education, science, culture, communication and information. These reports provide information on globally important topics.
  • UNESCO Science Report : UNESCO’s science reports regularly lay out the blueprint for science, technology, innovation governance (STI). 
  • UNESCO has released an important report on the status of education of children with disabilities in India, highlighting that implementing inclusive education in India is complex and requires a good understanding of the diverse needs of children and their families in different contexts. need to. 
  • Global Education Monitoring Report : Global Education Monitoring Report is also released to examine the state of development in the field of education across the world. This report provides information on various educational issues and gives suggestions for the development of education.
  • State of the Education Report in India : It can be an important source to examine the status of education in India in detail.


Source – Indian Express


Practice Questions for Preliminary Exam : 


Q. 1. Match the following list.

City                                       UCNN’s creative sector 

  1. Srinagar        :               Crafts and Folk Arts (2021)
  2. Mumbai         :               film (2019)
  3. Chennai         :               Creative City of Music (2017)
  4. Jaipur              :               Crafts and Folk Arts (2015)

Whose creative sector is matched with the above mentioned cities? 

A. Only 1, 2 and 3.

B. Only 2, 3 and 4. 

C. None of these .

D. All of the above.

Answer- D

Practice Questions for Main Exam : 


Q.1. What do you understand about the World Crafts City Programme? What are the challenges in the field of crafts in India and how can they be resolved? Discuss logically. ( Word limit – 250 marks – 15 ) 


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