UPSC- Civil Service Exam- Pattern

UPSC – Civil Service Exam is one of the prestigious exam which takes place in India to select a wide range of officers for the elite posts of the country and to serve the people of the Nation. This exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and there are about twenty- four (24) services offered through this single exam.

The top services offered to a candidate after she/he clears the exam are the three PAN India Services, that is Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), and Indian Forest Service (IFoS). Due to the nature of the Civil Service Official Posts UPSC select best out of the best candidates as they are the ones who represent our country at the world level, work for the people of the country, help in the development and growth of the country, etc.

The key characteristics that UPSC definitely look in the candidate before appointing as civil servent are:

  • Leadership ability.
  • A wide range of general awareness.
  • Analytical ability and content retention capacity.
  • Out of the Box Thinking.
  • Hard Working & Committed.
  • Strength of character and a cheerful mental disposition even under stressful conditions.
  • Communication ability.

The UPSC – Civil Services Exam comprises three successive stages:

  1. UPSC- Civil Services Preliminary Exam (Objective Type): This stage is the starting point of the journey of giving the toughest exam of the Nation.
  2. UPSC- Civil Services Main Exam (Written): This is the second stage the halfway through of the UPSC- CSE journey.
  3. UPSC- Civil Services Interview or a Personality Test: The final leg of the UPSC- CSE.

UPSC- Civil Services Preliminary Exam consists of two papers of Objective Type and the prelims exam is of 400 marks. The UPSC- CSPE is conducted to serve as a screening test only and the marks obtained by the successful aspirants who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Exam will not be counted for determining their final order of merit in UPSC- CSE.

  • Paper- I – GSAT is a paper to evaluate the candidate on General Studies – 200 marks
  • Paper-II –CSAT is a paper to evaluate the candidate on Aptitude Test- 200 marks

UPSC- Civil Services Main Exam: The number of candidates who have clear the stage one of the UPSC- CSE and now will attempt the stage two of UPSC-CSE the Main Exam will be about twelve to thirteen times the total app. number of vacancies ( all services and posts) to be filled in the year through this exam. The UPSC- CSME is a written exam and consists of Nine – Papers of Conventional type which includes two Non- Ranking Exam and seven – Ranking Exam.

  1. Non- Ranking: The marks obtained by the UPSC exam giver in these papers will not be counted for determining the final order of merit in UPSC-CSE. Both Paper- 1 and Paper – 11 is of 300 marks these two exams give the glims of the difficulty level, lengthy level, etc of the upcoming Seven Exam, these exams mentally prepare the candidate.
    • Paper- 1 – This is a paper- 1 of Non- ranking exam in which candidates need to select one of the Indian Language which is mentioned in the Eighth Scheduled to the Indian Constitution.
    • Paper- 11 – This is a paper- 11 of Non- ranking exam it is a Compulsory English Language Paper.
  2. Ranking: Marks obtained by the UPSC- CSE candidate in these papers will be counted for merit in UPSC – CSE. Paper- 1 – is Essay Writing, Paper- 11 to Paper- V- Papers of General Studies, and Paper- V1 and Paper- V11 of Optional subject. For Paper- V1 and Paper- V11 candidates need to choose any one optional subject from amongst the UPSC’s list of optional subjects, there are twenty-six subjects to choose from.
    • Paper -1- Candidate needs to write essay, this exam is of 250 marks.
    • Paper- 11- GS- 1- Topics covered – History, Indian Heritage and Culture, and Geography of the World and Society, this exam is of 250 marks.
    • Paper- 111- GS-11- Topics covered- Social Justice, Governance, Constitution, Polity, and International relations, this exam is of 250 marks.
    • Paper- 1V – GS- 111- Topics covered- Security, Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, and Disaster Management, this exam is of 250 marks.
    • Paper- V – GS- 1V- Topics covered- Integrity, Ethics, and Aptitude, this exam is of 250 marks.
    • Paper- V1 and Paper- V11- Optional subject exam these exams is of 250 marks each.

UPSC- Civil Services Interview or a Personality Test: Aspirants, who obtain minimum qualifying marks in the written UPSC- CSME are eligible to give PT the final leg of UPSC- CSE. The number of candidates who are called for the interview round will be about twice the number of vacancies to be filled. The PT round is of 275 marks and there is no minimum qualifying marks.

The candidate who have clear Union Public Service Commission- Civil Service Exam will be allotted to the various services keeping in view their Ranks in the exam and the preferences expressed by them for the services.

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