5G rollout

5G rollout


Prelims: Science and Technology

Main: GS.III, industrial policy and its effects on industrial growth and development in Sci & Tech and its Development, applications and day-to-day effects 

The background story

  • The Indian Aviation Safety Regulator body has written to the telecom department flagging concerns over the probable interference of 5G C-Band Spectrum with radio altimeters because India’s telecom operators are preparing for the rollout of 5G service.
  •  In July 2022, the cabinet gave its consent for the auction of the spectrum that can be used to offer 5G services.
  • Total width of 72,097.85 MHz (or 72 Ghz) of the spectrum with a bona fide of 20 years.
  •  The government of India also gave permission to the big tech firms for setting up captive 5G networks, and the telecoms have opposed any move to set aside spectrum for captive private networks at an administered price.


about 5G technology

  • 5 G is the fifth generation mobile network, it will provide faster and more steady communication that too with ultra-low latency.
  •  According to the government panel report, it is expected that the 5G network will peak the speed in the range of 2-20 Gigabit/seconds (Gbps).
  •  5G will provide higher speed internet in India in contrast to 4G link speeds averaging  6-7 megabits per second (Mbps), in comparison to  25 Mbps in the advanced nations.
  • 3rd Generation Partnership projects(3GPP) will define the standards for usage of 5G

5G Bands

  • There are 3 main bands in which 5G works, they are Low, mid and high-frequency spectrum, these all have their own advantages and limitations.
  •  Low band spectrum: the maximum speed of it is limited to 100 Mbps(megabits per second), however, it has shown improvement in terms of coverage and data exchange as well as in the speed of the internet
  • Mid-band spectrum: it provides a higher speed on comparing to the low band, however, it has limitations in terms of coverage area and penetrations of the signal.
  • High band spectrum- it offers the maximum speed in comparison to the former two bands but offers limited coverage and signal penetration strength.


the primary concern of the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) 

  • It is expected that the interference of  5G  with the aircraft’s radio altimeter could intercept the engine and the braking system from transitioning to landing mode, which could prevent an aircraft from stopping on the runway.
  •  The DGCA works in close coordination with the Department of Telecommunications (DoT).

Radio altimeter:

  • It is a type of altimeter, an instrument used to measure the altitude of an object from a fixed level above the earth’s surface, it is a radar aid.
  • It measures how far the ground an aircraft is travelling, in aviation.
  •  It is effective only 20 ft to 2500 ft. and the auctioned frequencies sit too close to this range.

 Advantages of 5 G

  • According to the report by the Government–Appointed Panel, it has been predicted that 5G will create a cumulative economic impact of $ 1trillon in India by 2035. also in a separate report of Telecom gear maker Ericsson, it was stated that by 20265G-enabled digitalization revenue potential in India will be above $27 billion by 2026.
  • In addition to this, the Global Telecom Industry GSMA has estimated that India will have around 70 Million 5G customers by 2025.
  • It has been expected that the 5G will become the chief support of emerging technologies, like the Internet of Things and machine-to-machine communication. it will also support the application services, including driver-less vehicles, telesurgery and real-time data analysis on a much larger scale
  • One of the prime use of 5 G will be, the implementation of a sensor –an embedded network that will permit real-time relay of information across fields, like manufacturing, customers durables and agriculture.
  • It can also help make transport infrastructure more systematic by making it smart.
  • Well-ordered Governance: This technology will also carry positive changes in the governance of the country, ease of living and ease of doing business.
  •  It will escalate the convenience and will create many employment opportunities.
  • In the National Digital communication Policy, 2018 it was pointed out its potential and TELECOM REGULATORY AUTHORITY OF INDIA(TRAI) advised a reserve price for the auction of 5G spectrum in 3.3-3.4 GHz and 3.4 -3.5 GHz bands.

The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)

  • The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) was founded on February 20, 1997, under the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997 act of parliament, to monitor telecom services, including tariff fixation and revision. Earlier to these are vested in the Central Government.
  •  It is a statutory body of the Indian government.
  • Its main objective is to provide a fair and transparent policy environment that promotes a level playing field and facilitates fair competition.
  •  Its HQ is in New Delhi.







Plutus IAS current affairs eng med 24th Sep 2022

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