DRDO successfully test fires indigenously developed ATGMs

DRDO successfully test fires indigenously developed laser-guided ATGMs

Why in News: Indigenously developed Laser-Guided Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGM) were successfully test-fired from Main Battle Tank (MBT) Arjun by Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Indian Army at KK Ranges with support of Armored Corps Center & School (ACC&S) Ahmednagar in Maharashtra on August 04, 2022. 

The missiles hit with precision and successfully destroyed the targets at two different ranges. Telemetry systems have recorded the satisfactory flight performance of the missiles.

The all-indigenous Laser Guided ATGM employs a tandem High Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) warhead to defeat Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) protected armored vehicles. The ATGM has been developed with multi-platform launch capability and is currently undergoing technical evaluation trials from the 120 mm rifled gun of MBT Arjun.

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh has complimented DRDO and Indian Army for successful performance of the Laser Guided ATGMs. Secretary, Department of Defense R&D and Chairman DRDO Dr. G Satheesh Reddy congratulated the teams associated with the test firing of Laser Guided ATGMs.

About DRDO: The Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO)  is the premier agency under the Department of Defense Research and Development in the ministry of defense of the Government of India, charged with the military’s research and development, headquartered in Delhi, India. 

It was formed in 1958 by the merger of the Technical Development Establishment and the Directorate of Technical Development and Production of the Indian ordinance factories with the Defense Science Organization. Subsequently, the Defense Research & Development Service (DRDS) was constituted in 1979 as a service of Group ‘A’ Officers / Scientists directly under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defense.

Anti-Tank Guided Missiles:

ATGMs are primarily designed to hit and destroy heavily armored military vehicles.

The missiles can be transported by a single soldier, to larger tripod-mounted weapons, which require a squad or team to transport and fire, to vehicle and aircraft mounted missile systems.

This type of guided missiles rely on an electro-optical imager (IIR) seeker, a laser or a W-band radar seeker in the nose of the missile.

These are ‘fire-and-forget’ missiles where the operator can retreat right after firing as there is no more guidance required.

Laser-Guided ATGM:

The all-indigenous Laser Guided ATGM employs a tandem High Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) warhead to defeat Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) protected armored vehicles.

The ATGM has been developed with multi-platform launch capability and is currently undergoing technical evaluation trials from the 120 mm rifled gun of MBT Arjun.

Some other Anti-tank Missiles:

Helina:

It has a maximum range of seven kilometers and has been designed and developed for integration on the weaponized version of the ALH (Advanced Light Helicopter).

The missile system has all-weather, day, and night capability and can defeat battle tanks with conventional armor as well as explosive reactive armor.

The Nag: 

It is a third-generation fire-and-forget missile developed for mechanized formations to engage heavily fortified enemy tanks.

SANT: 

It is a Smart Stand-off Anti-Tank Missile being developed for launch from the Mi-35 Helicopter for the Air Force’s anti-tank operations.

MPATGM: 

It stands for Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile which has a range of 2.5 kilometers, with fire-and-forget and top attack capabilities for infantry use

Plutus ias current affairs  6 August 2022