The pandemic gives India a unique space to mainstream science and technology in its domestic and foreign policies
- ‘Vaccine Maitri’ campaign
- provisioning COVID-19 vaccines to countries to leverage its science and technological advantages in its foreign policy objectives.
- Setting the template
- Nehru’s awareness about the constructive and destructive power of science made the country’s development in Science and tech.
- Assertion of interests
- India assisting its partners from the Global South in key areas of science and technology such as health across Asia and Africa.=
- Establishment of the Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser to P.M. in November 1999 shows india’s keenness in science
- Thaw in ties between India and the United States given the rise of an aggressive China and other consequential challenges to the international system gave india a conducive atmosphere in science and tech such as nuclear and space technology .
- India signes strategic partnerships bearing substantial science and technology components with advanced economies such as the United Kingdom, Japan, Israel, Germany, the European Union, Singapore, .
- Science and Technology Policy 2003 and Science, Technology and Innovation Policy 2013
- clearly related international science and technology cooperation with national interest.
- four Development Partnership Administrations under its Ministry of External Affairs
- The Ministry of External Affairs has seen a restructuring
- Cyber Diplomacy Division
- an E-Governance & Information Technology Division
- a New Emerging & Strategic Technologies Division to manage science and technology issues in the nation’s diplomatic matrix.
The COVID-19 response
- sending medicines such as hydroxychloroquine and paracetamol to over 150 countries
- Serum Institute of India competently partnered with the U.K.’s oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine project
- Bharat Biotech gave rise to indigenous vaccines in the shape of Covaxin.
- India’s response came at a time where the developed world was pre-occupied in trying to address its own domestic issues and China’s health diplomacy
- Aatmanirbhar Bharat initiative attempts to secure maximum self-reliance through capacity building and creating an environment
- India’s financial apportionment to science and technology related research must rise to enable the country’s own rise
- States must participate in S&T,R&D
- universities and private sector in research and development efforts.
- India’s young scientists and technologists to be made more aware of the country’s foreign policy objectives
- enable all stakeholders in the policy establishment to learn more about science and technology to bridge the intellectual divide.