Amrit Bharat Station Scheme (ABSS)

Amrit Bharat Station Scheme (ABSS)

This article covers “Daily Current Affairs” and the topic details “Amrit Bharat Station Scheme (ABSS)”. The topic “Amrit Bharat Station Scheme (ABSS)” has relevance in the “Governance” section of the UPSC CSE exam.

For Prelims:

What is the Amrit Bharat Station Scheme (ABSS)? Its objectives? 

For Mains:

GS2:  Government Schemes
GS3: Infrastructure– Railways 

Why in the news?

Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the start of efforts to revitalize 13 railway stations within the State as part of the Amrit Bharat Station Scheme (ABSS).


Amrit Bharat Station Scheme 

The Ministry of Railways has introduced the “Amrit Bharat Station” scheme, a policy for modernising railway stations with a long-term vision. The scheme aims to develop stations continuously by implementing Master Plans based on their needs and usage.


Broad Objectives:

  • Prepare Master Plans for railway stations and implement them in phases to enhance facilities beyond Minimum Essential Amenities (MEA) and create Roof Plazas and city centers in the long run.
  • Address stakeholders’ needs and station usage studies based on available funds and priorities.
  • Introduce new amenities and upgrade existing ones.
  • Focus on stations where feasibility studies for Roof Plazas have been conducted but not yet constructed, prioritizing Master Plan phasing and relocation of structures and utilities.



  • Railways – A Crucial Component of National Transportation: India Railways plays a vital role in the country’s transportation infrastructure.
  • Ensuring Safety and Efficiency through Modernization: To ensure safety and efficiency for both passengers and freight transportation, regular modernization with the latest technologies and amenities is crucial.
  • Government’s Vision for ‘Naya Bharat’ – Transforming Railway Stations: The government is actively working to transform railway stations nationwide, aligning them with its vision of a ‘Naya Bharat’ or New India.


Key Features- 

  • Enhanced Amenities
    • Improvement of station access and circulating areas.
    • Upgrading waiting halls, toilets, lifts/escalators for better passenger experience.
    • Ensuring cleanliness and hygiene at stations.
    • Providing free Wi-Fi for passengers’ convenience.
  • Promotion of Local Products
    • Incorporating kiosks under the ‘One Station One Product’ initiative to showcase local products.
  • Passenger Convenience and Comfort
    • Installation of better passenger information systems for improved communication.
    • Establishment of Executive Lounges for premium passenger services.
    • Designated spaces for business meetings within the station premises.
  • Integration and Accessibility
    • Focusing on landscaping to create a pleasant environment.
    • Integrating the station with both sides of the city for seamless connectivity.
    • Promoting multimodal integration for efficient transportation options.
  • Facilities for Divyangjans
    • Special facilities and amenities for Divyangjans to ensure inclusivity and accessibility.
  • Sustainability and Eco-Friendly Measures
    • Emphasizing sustainable and eco-friendly solutions for environmental preservation.
    • Introduction of ballastless tracks for better performance and maintenance.


Additional Information: 

One Station One Product (OSOP) Scheme

The Ministry of Railways has introduced the ‘One Station One Product’ (OSOP) scheme across Indian Railways with the objective of promoting the ‘Vocal for Local’ vision of the Government of India. The scheme aims to provide a market for local and indigenous products while creating additional income opportunities for marginalized sections of society.


Key Objectives:

  • Promote the ‘Vocal for Local’ vision.
  • Provide a market for local/indigenous products.
  • Generate additional income opportunities for marginalized sections.


OSOP Outlets at Railway Stations: 

  • As part of the scheme, railway stations allocate OSOP outlets to exhibit, sell, and prominently feature indigenous and local products.
  • These outlets are designed through the National Design Institute to ensure uniformity.


Product Categories: 

The ‘One Station One Product’ scheme offers a diverse range of locally crafted and indigenous products, including:

  • Handicrafts and Artefacts
  • Textiles and Handlooms
  • Traditional Garments
  • Local Agricultural Produce (including Millets)
  • Processed/Semi-Processed Foods


Examples of Indigenous Products:

  • Within North East India, OSOP stalls present a diverse range of offerings, including Assamese Pitha in various forms, Traditional Rajbongshi Attire, Jhapi, Local Textiles, as well as Jute Products such as Caps, Gamocha, and Dolls.
  • In Jammu & Kashmir, famous products include Kashmiri Girda, Kashmiri Kahwa, and Dry Fruits.
  • South India showcases Cashew products, spices, and Chinnalapatti Handloom Sarees.
  • In the western region of the country, OSOP stalls showcase items like Embroidery and Zari Zardozi, Coconut Halva, locally cultivated fruits, processed foods, and the traditional textile art of Bandhani.


Empowering Artisans and Beneficiaries:

  • The OSOP scheme empowers local artisans and craftsmen, providing them with a platform to showcase their unique products to a wider audience of railway passengers. 
  • It not only promotes local heritage and traditional craftsmanship but also supports the livelihoods of artisans and marginalized communities.


Prime Minister launches Amrit Bharat Station Scheme in 13 railway stations in State via video link from Delhi – The Hindu 


Q1. With reference to Amrit Bharat Station, consider the following statements: 

  1. The Ministry of Railways has introduced the “Amrit Bharat Station” scheme, a policy for modernising railway stations with a long-term vision.
  2. The scheme aims to develop stations continuously by implementing Master Plans based on their needs and usage.
  3. The scheme focuses solely on the promotion of local products, not on the convenience of passengers.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only 

(d) None 

Answer: (a) 


Q2. Consider the following :

  1. The ‘One Station One Product’ (OSOP) scheme aims to promote the ‘Vocal for Local’ vision of the Government of India across Indian Railways.
  2. The OSOP scheme provides railway stations with outlets to display and sell indigenous and local products.
  3. The OSOP scheme does not include Textiles and Handlooms as part of its product categories.
  4. The scheme offers diverse product categories, including Handicrafts and Artefacts, Traditional Garments, Local Agricultural Produce, and Processed/Semi-Processed Foods.

How many of the abovementioned statements are correct ?

(a) Only one 

(b) Only two 

(c) Only three 

(d) All Four 

Answer: (c)

Q3. Evaluate the role of Indian Railways as a crucial component of the nation’s transportation infrastructure. How can the modernization and enhancement of railway stations contribute to ensuring safety, efficiency, and improved passenger experience?

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