Arc de Triomphe : Its Artistic Significance  (Paper I : Art and Culture )

Arc de Triomphe : Its Artistic Significance  (Paper I : Art and Culture )


The Arc de Triomphe de l’Étoile is another important monument of Paris after the Eiffel Tower . France. It was constructed in 1806, 15th Aug on the occasion of Napoleon’s 37th birthday and its foundation  was completed when he married in 1810. After his death this work was interrupted but finally it finished by 1831. This was legendary work and it was gifted to Napoleon on his birthday. 


  • This was influenced with  the Arch of Titus in Rome, Italy,

  • The dimension of  the Arc de Triomphe has is overall height of 50 metres (164 ft), width of 45 m (148 ft) and depth of 22 m (72 ft),

  • The most significant feature of the Arc de Triomphe is that this tomb is dedicated to the Unknown Soldier. 

  • These soldiers were killed in various wars and were buried in France . Many soldiers who gave their life for the nation , even  They could not be recognised forever.

  •  This monument is paying tribute to them. 

  • Since its inauguration on Armistice Day in 1920, it has come to represent all soldiers who were killed during various wars but could not be recognised . This monument generally pays tribute to their soldiers.

  • Some of the greatest French artists of the 19th century   who had played an important role in the nation’s history  crafted  a series of sculptures on The Arc de Triomphe by. Each of the designs represents a significant theme in the nation’s history.

  • The most famous is a cluster of statues by Francois Rude entitled Departure of the Volunteers of 1792, which depicts a group of volunteers from Marseilles fighting for the National Guard during the French Revolution.

Four Pillar Showcase : Four Separate Sculpture Groups 

  • A great architect, François Rude made its design . He was the great fan of Napoleon. He had faith in democratic ideology. He had been a supporter of the Jacobin club  . This sculpture dedicated to  the French First Republic during the uprising that took place on the 10th of August of 1795

  • The Next One  is Le Triomphe de 1810 and Jean-Pierre Cortot  designed it . He was also a core supporter of Napoleon . This commemorates the Treaty of Schönbrunn and features Napoleon being crowned in victory.

  • The third pillar is the symbol of the Résistance de 1814Antoine Étex designed it . It commemorates French resistance during the War of the Sixth Coalition. 

  • Fourth pillar represents the Paix de 1815, Antoine Étex designed it . This one narrates the Treaty of Paris. Antoine Étex believed in democracy . Initially he liked Napoleon but later he had become angry to Napoleon 

Christo, whose full name was Christo Javacheff, was a great architect of France . His work regarding architecture provided recognition not only in France during that time but also in Entire Europe and even in Entire world . He wrapped up a stretch of coastline in Australia and the Reichstag parliament building in Berlin, and strung up a huge curtain in part of a canyon in Colorado. He worked closely with Jeanne-Claude on the projects.

The pair covered Paris’s Ponf Neuf bridge in yellow cloth in 1985.Tourists will still be able to visit the Arc de Triomphe and its panoramic terrace, which loom over one end of the Champs-Elysees. For a few days during the work, however, it has been closed.

(By Dr Anshul Bajpai )

Plutus IAS Daily Current Affairs 18th September 2021

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