Dealing with the bigger neighbour, China (GS-2 international relations, the hindu editorial)

India and China agreements of Border Tranquility

 

  • Since 1993 Number of Agreements 
    • In 1993, the Agreement on the Maintenance of Peace and Tranquillity along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas
    •  In 1996,the Agreement on Confidence-Building Measures in the Military Field Along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas 
    •  In 2005, Protocol for the Implementation of Confidence Building Measures in the Military Field Along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas.
    •  In 2002, Establishment of a Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination on india-China Border Affairs 
    • In 2003, Agreement on Border Defence Cooperation.

 

key features of these agreements

  •  Peaceful resolution of boundary question.
  •  no use force against the each other “by any means”
  •  respect and observe the Line of Actual Control (LAC) by both the sides
  •  military exercises would be undertaken only at specified levels with prior notification being given for such exercises near the LAC
  •  prior notice would be given regarding flights of combat aircraft within 10 kilometres from the LAC
  •  if border personnel of the two sides came face-to-face due to differences in alignment of the LAC they would exercise self-restraint and avoid an escalation of the situation
  •  channels of communication and border personnel meetings in case of contingencies were stipulated.

Case of China and Russia resolution of Boundary dispute How?

  • Russia shows restraints even though it is a big country
  • Russia unilaterally conceded the demand of chinese counterparts and paved the way for future relations. But this is absent in india and china relation.
  •  the Soviet Union to undertake unilateral concessions and asymmetric reductions in military strength vis-à-vis China

 

Way Forward:

  • China must show the willingness.
  • India always moves through diplomatic relations.
  • Increase in the mobility of military.

Download Link - Daily Current Affairs 23 February 2021

Swarn Singh

Plutus IAS Current Affair Team

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