INS Mormugao: Project 15B

INS Mormugao: Project 15B

INS Mormugao: Project 15B

The article talks about how INS Mormugao strengthens the Indian Navy. 

For Prelims: Security

For Mains: GS-3, Security

In News: INS Mormugao (Pennant D67), the second of Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited’s (MDSL) Project 15B stealth-guided missile destroyers, was commissioned into the Indian Navy.

  • Named for the west coast port city of Goa, which has a long history.
  • launched on September 17, 2016, and began sea trials in 2021, which also happened to be the 60th anniversary of the liberation of Goa.
  • The commissioning on December 18 is notable since Operation Vijay, which was started in 1961 to free Goa from Portuguese domination, was also launched on the same day.

About INS Mormugao

Development phase:

All of India’s primary weapons and sensors, which contain more than 75% local content, have been designed and developed there, either directly by Indian Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) or through strategic alliances and the transfer of technology with reputable foreign OEMs.

Weapons and specifications :

INS Mormugao is a ship that is 163 meters long, 17 meters wide, and weighs 7,400 tonnes. It is loaded with powerful, cutting-edge armaments and sensors, including Surface-to-Surface Missiles and Surface-to-Air Missiles.

  • The ship is equipped with cutting-edge surveillance radar that gives the gunnery weapon systems target information.
  • Its Rocket Launchers, Torpedo Launchers, and ASW helicopters were all created domestically, which gives it the ability to conduct anti-submarine warfare.
  • The ship is outfitted to battle in situations involving nuclear, biological, and chemical warfare.
  • It is propelled by four strong gas turbines that work together as a combined gas and gas engine to reach speeds of more than 30 knots.
  • The ship has improved stealth characteristics, which results in a smaller radar cross-section.
  • It has roughly 300 people on board.
INS Mormugao

INS Mormugao

About Project 15B 

  • Project 15B (P 15B) is currently building four guided missile destroyers at M/s Mazagaon Dock Shipbuilders Limited in Mumbai. 2011 saw the signing of the contract for the construction of these four ships.
  • These vessels rank among the most cutting-edge guided missile destroyers in the world thanks to their cutting-edge weapon/sensor package, cutting-edge stealth features, and high level of automation.

Features:

  • The P-15B ships have the BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles and long-range surface-to-air missiles as standard equipment (SAM).
  • The ship is equipped with a number of indigenous weaponry, including medium-range Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs), indigenous torpedo tube launchers, indigenous rocket launchers for anti-submarine defense, and a 76-mm super fast gun mount.

 Other Three Project 15B Ships:

  • The second P15B ship, INS Mormugao, was launched in 2016 and is now undergoing port trials.
  • The outfitting of the third ship, Imphal, which was launched in 2019, is nearly complete.
  • The fourth ship, named Surat, is currently being built and is scheduled to be launched in the current fiscal year (2022).

Additional recent projects except for INS Mormugao

  • Project 75: The Indian Navy has a program called Project 75 that calls for the construction of six Scorpene-class assault submarines. The program has been carried out with technology transfer from the Mazagon Dock Limited and the French business Naval Group (formerly known as DCNS) (MDL).
  •  Project 75 (I): At an estimated cost of Rs. 43,000 crores, it calls for building submarines domestically with the most advanced air-independent propulsion technology.

UPSC PREVIOUS YEARS QUESTIONS:

  1. Which one of the following is the best description of ‘INS Astradharini’, that was in the news recently?
  2. Amphibious warfare ship
  3. Nuclear-powered submarine
  4. Torpedo launch and recovery vessel
  5. Nuclear-powered aircraft carrier

Solution: C

Source:

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