30 Aug ISRO’s Future Plans
This article covers “Daily Current Affairs” and the topic details “ISRO’s Future Plans”. The topic “ISRO’s Future Plans” has relevance in the “ISRO’s Future Plans” section of the UPSC CSE exam.
What is ISRO?
What are its current objectives?
What are its future objectives?
GS3: Science and Technology
Why in the news?
Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi proclaimed that August 23, the day when the Chandrayaan-3 Lander successfully landed on the moon, will now be recognized as National Space Day. Additionally, he unveiled the naming of the Chandrayaan-3 landing site as “Shiv Shakti point” and the location of the unsuccessful Chandrayaan-2 mission’s 2019 crash as “Tiranga point.”
- The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is India’s space agency, focusing on science, engineering, and technology for utilizing outer space’s benefits for the nation and humanity.
- Operating under the Department of Space (DOS), ISRO is a key entity responsible for executing the Indian Space Programme.
- Core objective: To develop and apply space technology to address various national necessities.
ISRO’s Current Objectives:
- Gaganyaan Human Spaceflight Mission:
- The Gaganyaan project is focused on showcasing India’s ability to conduct human spaceflight. This involves sending a 3-member crew into a 400 km orbit for a 3-day mission, safely returning them to Earth via a landing in the Indian sea waters.
- Astronaut training is in progress alongside a series of tests on the modified Launch Vehicle Mark-3 (HLVM-3) rocket. This comprehensive testing phase aims to ensure the rocket’s safety for carrying humans.
- Reusable Launch Vehicle Technology Demonstrator (RLV-TD):
- ISRO is actively conducting tests for the Reusable Launch Vehicle Technology Demonstrator (RLV-TD). This innovation is designed to enable multiple missions with a single launch vehicle, departing from the traditional model where each rocket is used only once.
- Semi-cryogenic Engine SCE-200:
- This engine employs highly refined kerosene (known as “Isrosene”) and liquid oxygen as propellants.
- The engine’s capabilities are being evaluated through rigorous testing and development, with the aim of powering the next generation of ISRO rockets.
- Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV):
- It is a compact rocket, distinct from the larger Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), is designed to efficiently transport lighter satellites into low-earth orbit. The SSLV’s streamlined design promises reduced turnaround time between launches, enhancing operational efficiency.
ISRO’s Future Plans
|Aditya L1 Spacecraft||
|Modified LVM-3 Flights (Gaganyaan Crew Escape Tests)||
|SSLV Developmental Flight||
|Gaganyaan G1 and G2 Flights||
|Lunar Polar Exploration (LUPEX) Mission||
|Mars Return Mission||
|Venus Mission (‘Shukrayaan’)||
Q1. With reference to India’s Moon Missions, consider the following statements:
- The Chandrayaan-3 landing site has been named as “Shiv Shakti point” by India.
- The location of the unsuccessful Chandrayaan-1 mission’s crash has been named as “Tiranga point.”
- The Chandrayaan-3 mission consists of an Orbiter, Lander and a Rover Module.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 only
Q2. Consider the following pairs with reference to ISRO’s Future Plans:
|ISRO’s Future Plans||Description|
|1. Aditya L-1||India’s first solar mission and a impact probe|
|2. LUPEX||a joint project between NASA and ISRO|
|3. NISAR||ISRO and Japanese Space Agency collaboration|
|4. XPoSat||India’s first dedicated polarimetry mission|
How many of the abovementioned pairs are correct ?
(a) Only one
(b) Only two
(c) Only three
(d) All Four
Q3. Discuss the recent and upcoming initiatives of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in the context of its current and future plans. How do these initiatives align with India’s technological and strategic aspirations on the global stage?