Lend a helping hand to children the right way( The Hindu, GS-2, Governance)

 

Context:- The wrath unleashed by the pandemic led to many children orphan, destitute and more vulnerable. Social media is flooded with the request to adopt such child and forward Many NGO and people came forward to adopt and help

Issue:- There are law and rules enforced regarding the adoption which one must put in mind before the move.

How to manage:-

    • To help children we do:
      • toll free Childline number 1098 which is an emergency phone outreach service
        •  taking note of the whereabouts of the child, the helpline reaches out immediately and takes charge of the child
      • intimate the district protection officer concerned
        • details can be found on the National Tracking System for Missing and Vulnerable Children portal
      • approach the nearest police station or its child welfare police officer who is specially trained to exclusively deal with children either as victims or juvenile delinquents
      • dial the Emergency Response Support System (ERSS) which is a pan-India single number (112)
    • The non-reporting of such children is also a punishable offence under the the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015.
    • Supreme court direction in such matter.
      • Sampurna Behrua vs Union of India (2018):- all child care institutions are registered
      •  any voluntary or NGO which is not registered with the government as per the rules under the JJA cannot house children in need of care and protection.
    • Court directives to police
  • Bachpan Bachao Andolan vs Union of India 
        • Directors General of Police,in May 2013, to register a first information report as a case of trafficking or abduction in every case of a missing child.
      • each district mustto have its special juvenile police unit
  • Current
    • The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) recently wrote if any children orphan or else is in the problem then NCPCR need to be informed

Why we must look into this matter on urgent basis:-

  • Children are nation’s asset.
  • They are future of india
  • Children welfare is mandated under DPSP.
  • Right to dignified life.

About Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015

  • It defines orphaned, abandoned and surrendered children; and petty, serious and heinous offences committed by children.
  • Special Provisions for Age 16-18 years:

    • To tackle child offenders committing heinous offences
  • Mandatory Constitution of the JJ Board:
    • setting up Juvenile Justice Boards + Child Welfare Committees in every district. 
    • These institution  must have at least one woman member each.
  • Adoption Related Clauses:
    • Separate chapter on adoption
    • Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) was granted the status of a statutory body to enable it to perform its function for adoption.
  • Child Care Institutions (CCI)

Swarn Singh

Plutus IAS Current Affair Team

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