14 Oct PM-SHRI
Prelims: PM SHRI Scheme
For Mains: Reforms in Education Sector
Why in the news?
Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that 14500 schools across India will be upgraded to exhibit the components of the National Education Policy(NEP),2020.
What is PM –SHRI?
- The PM-SHRI is a centrally sponsored scheme for the period of five years from 2022-23 to 2026-27.
- Under this scheme, around 14500 government schools across India will turn into model schools
- It will exhibit all the features of the National Education Policy 2020, by performing as a
- It will showcase all components of the National Education Policy 2020, act as ideal schools and also provide mentorship to other schools in their locality.
- To check the progress and performance of these schools a ‘School Quality Assessment Framework’ is being launched.
The key features of the scheme:
- The NEP envisioned a curricular structure and teaching style classified into various stages foundational, preparatory, middle and secondary.
- The beginning years of a child in schools (pre-school and grades I, and II) will include play-based learning.
- At the preparatory level i.e. from class III to V, easily understandable textbooks will be introduced along with some formal classroom teaching. Subject teachers will be introduced in the middle stage i.e. from class VI to VIII.
- The secondary stage i.e. from class IX to XII will be multidisciplinary in nature with no hard separation between arts and sciences or commerce or any other discipline.
- Additionally, the board exams be held twice a year so that students to improve their scores, and two types of papers on mathematics should be offered, a standard paper and a different one to test higher levels of competency.
A centrally sponsored scheme:
- It is a scheme where the cost of implementation is likely to be split in the 60:40 ratio among the Union government and the states/Union Territories.
- For example, PM Poshan and PM Awas Yojana are centrally sponsored schemes.
- However, in the cases of the Northeastern states, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu and Kashmir and UTs without legislatures, the Centre’s contribution can go up to 90 % of the cost implemented
How the schools under PM-SHRI schools will be different from other government Schools
- Kendriya Vidyalayas or Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas are schools under the central schools that come entirely under the Centre’s Ministry of Education.
- They are fully funded by the Union government under Central Sector Schemes.
- While KVs largely serve children of employees of the Union Government posted in states and UTs, JNVs were set up to encourage talented students in rural parts of the country.
- As compared to this, PM SHRI schools will be an upgradation of existing schools run by the Centre, states, UTs and local bodies.
- This primarily means that PM SHRI schools can either be KVs, JNVs, state government schools or even those run by municipal corporations.
Where will the PM SHRI schools come up?
- The list has not been released for the schools under PM-SHRI, by the centre
- But it has been announced that the PM SHRI schools will also provide mentorship to other schools in their locality.
- These schools will be provided with modern infrastructure including labs, smart classrooms, libraries, sports equipment, art room etc.
- The schools shall be developed as green schools with water conservation, waste recycling, energy-efficient infrastructure and integration of organic lifestyle in the curriculum.
https://bit.ly/3Tm1sff(The Indian Express )