12 Dec Schedule Tribes List
Schedule Tribes List
This topic is based on the Fifth and Sixth Schedules of the Indian Constitution. The article also talks about how the schedule tribes list impacts Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution.
Relevance for Prelims: Inclusion of tribes in ST List, Scheduled Tribes in India
Relevance for Mains: National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, Relevance of Fifth and Sixth Schedule of Indian Constitution
Context: Recently, 4 Bills in Lok Sabha have been introduced to modify ST lists In 4 states- Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, and Tamil Nadu.
About Proposed Changes in Schedule Tribes List
- On the basis of the recommendation of the Lokur Committee (1965), Narikoravan and Kuruvikkaran hill tribes will be included in the ST list of Tamil Nadu.
- Betta-Kuruba is a synonym for already categorized Kadu Karuba in the ST list of Karnataka.
- Synonyms of Deva-Nagari script for already categorized Bhariya Bhumia tribe of Chhatisgarh in ST List.
- Hattee community of Sirmaur district in Himachal Pradesh.
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has noted they all belong to the same tribe but were excluded due to inconsistencies in the name.
Process of Inclusion in the Scheduled Tribes List:
The process of inclusion of Scheduled Tribes begins with a recommendation from concerned state governments, which is sent to the Ministry of Tribal Affairs which reviews the proposal and sends it to the Registrar General of India.
After verification by the Registrar General of India, the proposal is followed by National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) before the list is sent to Cabinet for final decision.
The inclusion process is finally done with President’s assent to amend the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950.
From time to time, the government brings such bills to give effect to modifications proposed by various states in relation to the ST list.
Government initiatives to promote the welfare of Scheduled Tribes:
- Eklavya Model Residential Schools: The objective of EMRS is to provide quality middle and high-level education to Scheduled Tribe (ST) students in remote areas, not only to enable them to avail of reservation in high and professional education courses and as jobs in government and public and private sectors but also to have access to the best opportunities in education at par with the non-ST population.
- Janjatiya Gaurav Divas: The government of India has declared 15th November as Janjatiya Gaurav Divas dedicated to the memory of brave tribal freedom fighters. The declaration was done in 2021.
- The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes: The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) was established by amending Article 338 and inserting a new Article 338A in the Constitution through the Constitution (89th Amendment) Act, 2003. By this amendment, the erstwhile National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was replaced by two separate Commissions namely- (i) the National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC), and (ii) the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) w.e.f. 19 February 2004.
- Van Dhan Scheme: The Van Dhan Scheme is an initiative of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED. It was launched on 14th April 2018 and seeks to improve tribal incomes through the value addition of tribal products.
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