05 Jan Regionalism and Separatism in India
Regionalism and Separatism in India
The topic talks about how Regionalism and Separatism in India impact Indian Polity and Governance.
Relevance for Prelims: Special category Status
Relevance for Mains: Regionalism, Causes and consequences of Regionalism
Why in news?
Context: Recent Survey has suggested that in many northeast states, regional tendencies have grown over time due to a lack of infrastructure and development projects in the region.
Regionalism is an emotional attachment to a region/identity/culture/language. Example- In India, many people consider themselves as Punjabi, Maharashtrian, or Tamilian more than an identity of an Indian.
Factors Attributed to Demand for Separatism and Regionalism in India
- Unbalanced Development: Many states have passed job reservation laws to secure employment for natives which create division between outsiders and locals. Example: Discrimination with Bihar natives in Gujarat and Jammu and Kashmir, Threats to North-East in Bangalore.
- Religious Factors: The demand of Khalistan was based upon the creation of a state on the basis of Religion.
- Political Factors: Owing to the diversity of India, many national parties are not able to get a stronghold in southern states which led to the rise of regional parties which gave them a unique identity of having a leader of their own. Example: Trinamool Congress, AIDMK
- Linguistic: The mother tongue of an individual develops an identity of belongingness. The creation of linguistic states has been one of the first challenges faced by the government to accommodate diversity. Example: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana.
- Cultural awareness and sensitization must become a part of the curriculum to avoid hatred ness based on region and language.
- Fairs, Festivals should be conducted on a national scale to promote uniformity and integration.
- Development projects and policies should be inclusive and crafted according to the needs of the region.
Schemes like “Ek Bharat Shreshta Bharat” is the need of the hour which not only celebrate diversity in unity but strengthen the sentiments of the state and citizens.
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