18 May The Biden push-button to West Asia’s diplomatic resets(The Hindu, GS-2, International relations)
Context:- Unprecedented interactions among the major powers are leading to a significant diplomatic churn in the region. The upheaval in the middle east as the move of chess goes to here and there where removal of blockade on Qatar and other countries too making normal the ties.
What is in front of Biden:-
- Mr. Biden has signalled a fresh U.S. approach to West Asian affairs.
- tough line on Saudi Arabia where Biden is indicating a closer scrutiny of its human rights.
- Egypt too has concerns on the human rights issue
- now seems the U.S. could re-enter the nuclear agreement, but Iran has concerns about the limitations
- Turkey has built close ties with Russia on one hand and on the other hand threatening U.S. allies in Syria
- widespread infections and death
- the viral epidemic has severely damaged regional economies
- oil prices remain in the doldrums
- creating uncertainties for the producer states.
- ongoing regional conflicts, in Syria, Yemen and Libya
- Egypt remains unsecure about Turkey’s ties with the muslim Brotherhood and its regional ambitions
- Saudi Arabia has similar concerns as Egypt
A role for India?
- third-party facilitators will be needed to promote mutual confidence and prepare the ground for a comprehensive regional security
- provisions for participating states to uphold regional peace and promote mutually beneficial cooperation in energy