Invasive Species

Invasive Species

Tiger Reserve

Details on the Topic “Tiger Reserve

Relevance for Prelims: Agriculture, Environmental Conservation, Tiger reservoirs.

Relevance for Mains: Conservation of Environment, Afforestation

Context: An Invasive SpeciesSenna spectabilis, an exotic tree, has taken over between 800 and 1,200 hectares of the buffer zones of the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR) in the picturesque Nilgiris hill district.

About MTR :

    • It is located in the tri-junction area of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala.
    • It shares a boundary with Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary on the west, and Bandipur Tiger Reserve on the North forming a large conservation landscape.
    • Mudumalai is one of the 14 tiger reservoirs that was CA|TS status for efficient management of tigers. CA|TS is a set of criteria that allows tiger sites to check whether their management practices lead to tiger conservation.

14 Tiger Reserves that have been accredited are:

      • Valmiki in Bihar,
      • Parambikulam in Kerala,
      • Manas, Kaziranga and Orang in Assam,
      • Dudhwa in Uttar Pradesh,
      • Sunderbans  in West Bengal,
      • Pench  in Maharashtra,
      • Satpura, Kanha, and Panna  in Madhya Pradesh,
      • Bandipur  of Karnataka,
      • Mudumalai and Anamalai  in Tamil Nadu.

Tiger Reserve

Pic: Tiger Reserve

About Senna Spectabillis:

  • It is an Invasive Species of deciduous tree native to tropical areas of America which grow up to 15-20 meters in short period of time.
  • The thick foliage of the plant arrests the growth of other indigenous tree and grass species which further creates problems such as food scarcity for the wildlife population (Herbivores).
  • In IUCN Red List, it is categorized as Least Concern

Current Affairs for UPSC 

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Reference: The Hindu Zone

Plutus ias current affairs 2nd November 2022

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