Why the Personal Data Protection Bill matters (The Hindu, GS-3, gs-2))

Why the Personal Data Protection Bill matters (The Hindu, GS-3, gs-2))

Context:-Data breach at MobiKwik could  be India’s biggest breach with the data of 9.9 crore users at risk. It shows loopholes in India’s digital infrastructure.

  • Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019
    • safeguarding the privacy of personal data of individuals (data principals) which is processed
      by entities (data fiduciaries).
    • Processing can only be done for a specific purpose, after obtaining consent of the data principal. Such consent is not required in case of a medical emergency or by the State for providing benefits or services.
    • The Bill provides the data principal with certain rights.
    • Right to correct person’s data, confirm whether the data has been processed, or to restrict its continued disclosure.
    • The Bill allows exemptions from many of its provisions when the data is processed in the interest of national security, or for prevention, investigation or prosecution of offences.
    • Sensitive personal data such as financial and health data, can be transferred abroad, but should also be stored within India.
  • Positives:-
    • emphasize data security and data privacy both.
    • data protection regime to both government and private entities.
    • entities
      • Have to fulfill a set of data protection obligations and transparency and accountability measures
    • create an independent and powerful regulator known as the Data Protection Authority (DPA).
    • users can find it difficult to enforce various user protection safeguards under the bill, which may have repercussions.
  • Way forward:-
    • Joint parliamentary committee has made 86 recommendations, these must be included after due discussion with the stakeholders.


Download Daily Current Affairs of 12th April 2021

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